Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Stomatal ozone flux is closely related to ozone injury to plants. Jarvis-type multiplicative model has been recommended for estimating stomatal ozone flux in forest trees. Ozone may change stomatal conductance by both stomatal closure and less efficient stomatal control (stomatal sluggishness). However, current Jarvis-type models did not account for these ozone effects on stomatal conductance in forest trees. We thus examined seasonal course of stomatal conductance in two common deciduous tree species native to northern Japan (white birch: Betula platyphylla var. japonica; deciduous oak: Quercus mongolica var. crispula) grown under a free-air ozone exposure. We innovatively considered stomatal sluggishness into Jarvis-type model by a simple parameter s, relating to cumulative ozone uptake (defined as
phytotoxic ozone dose). We found that ozone decreased stomatal conductance of white birch leaves after full expansion (-28%). However, such a reduction of stomatal conductance by ozone was diminished in late summer (-10%). At the same time, ozone reduced stomatal sensitivity of white birch to vapor pressure deficit and increased stomatal conductance under low light condition. On the other hand, in deciduous oak, ozone did not change clearly the model parameters. The consideration of both ozone-induced stomatal closure and stomatal sluggishness improved the model performance to estimate stomatal conductance and to explain the dose-response relationship about ozone-induced decline of photosynthesis of white birch. Our results indicate that the ozone effects on stomatal conductance (i.e., stomatal closure and stomatal sluggishness) are crucial for modelling studies to determine stomatal response in deciduous trees, especially about sensitive species to ozone. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plant biology (Stuttgart, Germany)
Guard cells shrink and close stomatal pores when air humidity decreases, i.e. when the difference between the vapor pressures of leaf and atmosphere (VPD) increases. The role of abscisic acid (ABA) in...
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an emerging environmental endocrine disruptor that has toxic effects on plants growth. Photosynthesis supplies the substances and energy required for plant growth, and regulated b...
Tropospheric ozone is considered the most detrimental air pollutant for vegetation at the global scale, with negative consequences for both provisioning and climate regulating ecosystem services. In s...
The relationships of CO2 assimilation under saturated-light conditions (Asat) with exposure- (AOTX, Accumulated Ozone exposure over a hourly Threshold of X ppb) and flux-based (PODY, Phytotoxic Ozone ...
The role of stomatal heterogeneity in the response of stomatal conductance (gs ) to the mole fraction difference in water vapor between the inside of the leaf and the ambient air (Δw) was determined ...
The purpose of this research study is to learn more about the effects of 0.12 ppm ozone exposure on humans. We know from other studies that exposure to levels of ozone that are seen on ba...
In the U.S., morbidity associated with human rhinovirus (RV) infection represents a major health problem. In asthmatics, up to 80% of asthma exacerbations are associated with upper respir...
The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of ozone exposure on airway reactivity and inflammation in obese vs. non-obese adults.
The principal purpose of this study is to identify hyper-responsive, responsive and non-responsive groups of healthy human subjects based on their airway neutrophilic response to ozone exp...
The purpose of the study is to better understand the mechanisms of lung injury from ozone exposure. Subjects will participate in two exposure sessions: filtered air and 0.2 ppm ozone. Subj...
Blue-light receptors that regulate a range of physiological responses in PLANTS. Examples include: PHOTOTROPISM, light-induced stomatal opening, and CHLOROPLAST movements in response to changes in light intensity.
A shift in the balance between production and destruction of STRATOSPHERIC OZONE that results in a decline of the amount of OZONE in the lower stratosphere.
Ozone in the Earth's stratosphere. It is produced continuously by the action of solar ULTRAVIOLET RAYS on oxygen in the stratosphere. The stratospheric ozone (especially at the ozone layer) blocks much of the solar UV radiation of wavelengths of 320 nanometers or less from being transmitted to lower ATMOSPHERE of the Earth.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
A general state of sluggishness, listless, or uninterested, with being tired, and having difficulty concentrating and doing simple tasks. It may be related to DEPRESSION or DRUG ADDICTION.