Advertisement

Topics

The life-saving effect of hospital proximity.

08:00 EDT 1st September 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The life-saving effect of hospital proximity."

We provide a new assessment of the effect of hospital proximity in an emergency situation-road-traffic accidents-exploiting the exogenous variation in the proximity to cities that are legally allowed to have a hospital on the basis of their population size. Our instrumental variable results show that a one-standard-deviation increase in the distance to the nearest hospital (5 km) raises the fatality rate by 13.84% at the sample average. This figure is equal to 0.92 additional deaths per 100 accidents. We show that both ordinary least squares and difference-in-differences estimates, common approaches in the literature, provide a downward-biased measure of the true effect of hospital proximity because they do not fully solve spatial sorting problems. Proximity is more important when the level of road safety is low, when emergency services are less responsive, and when the nearest hospital has relatively low quality standards.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Health economics
ISSN: 1099-1050
Pages: 78-91

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [20388 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Low Level of Vegetative State After Traumatic Brain Injury in a Swiss Academic Hospital.

No standards exist regarding decision making for comatose patients, especially concerning life-saving treatments. The aim of this retrospective, single-center study was to analyze outcomes and the dec...

Life-saving cricothyroidotomy in throat and laryngeal injuries - case study.

The percentage of laryngeal injuries managed by hospital emergency departments is low. Currently, with the Emergency Medical Services working more efficiently, diagnostic imaging tools being more avai...

Shocking the system: AEDs in military resuscitation.

Automated external defibrillator (AED) devices have been in routine clinical use since the early 1990s to deliver life-saving shocks to appropriate patients in non-clinical environments. As expectatio...

Circumstances of hospital admissions in palliative care: A cross-sectional survey of patients admitted to hospital with palliative care needs.

On average, people will experience 2.28 hospital admissions in the last year of life with the likelihood of a hospital admission increasing in the last 2 weeks of life. Reducing hospital admissions ...

Quantitative Disentanglement of the Spin Seebeck, Proximity-Induced, and Ferromagnetic-Induced Anomalous Nernst Effect in Normal-Metal-Ferromagnet Bilayers.

We identify and investigate thermal spin transport phenomena in sputter-deposited Pt/NiFe_{2}O_{x} (4≥x≥0) bilayers. We separate the voltage generated by the spin Seebeck effect from the anomalous...

Clinical Trials [6749 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Identification of the Sick Patient in the ED

This non-interventional study will test scoring systems used to identify high risk patients when they are triaged upon presentation in the Emergency Department (ED) in a single hospital in...

Proximity Alarms to Reduce Patient Falls

The purpose of this study is to test an intervention to introduce and implement proximity alarms on the risk of falls in hospitalized patients.

Impact of Clinical Pharmacy Service on Patient Care and Cost Saving

Background: Pharmacists have been proven to improve patient outcomes, medication adherence, glycemic control, reduce blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein, health care costs and length o...

Qualitative Analysis of Hospital Executives, Physician Administrators, and Hospital Legal Counsels' Perceptions of End-of-Life Care

Interviewing hospital executives, physician administrators and hospital legal counsel who work in a hospital setting (academic, governmental, private or community hospital) about their per...

The Extreme Significance of Bilateral Embolic Retinal Phenomena That Can be Life Saving

This study shows how careful ophthalmic examination of two patients showed signs of simultaneous bilateral retinal emboli. Starting from this point significant, life threatening, underlyin...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).

Systems that provide all or most of the items necessary for maintaining life and health. Provisions are made for the supplying of oxygen, food, water, temperature and pressure control, disposition of carbon dioxide and body waste. The milieu may be a spacecraft, a submarine, or the surface of the moon. In medical care, usually under hospital conditions, LIFE SUPPORT CARE is available. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary)

The prices a hospital sets for its services. HOSPITAL COSTS (the direct and indirect expenses incurred by the hospital in providing the services) are one factor in the determination of hospital charges. Other factors may include, for example, profits, competition, and the necessity of recouping the costs of uncompensated care.

An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.

Hospital department which administers religious activities within the hospital, e.g., pastoral care, religious services.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article