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We provide a new assessment of the effect of hospital proximity in an emergency situation-road-traffic accidents-exploiting the exogenous variation in the proximity to cities that are legally allowed to have a hospital on the basis of their population size. Our instrumental variable results show that a one-standard-deviation increase in the distance to the nearest hospital (5 km) raises the fatality rate by 13.84% at the sample average. This figure is equal to 0.92 additional deaths per 100 accidents. We show that both ordinary least squares and difference-in-differences estimates, common approaches in the literature, provide a downward-biased measure of the true effect of hospital proximity because they do not fully solve spatial sorting problems. Proximity is more important when the level of road safety is low, when emergency services are less responsive, and when the nearest hospital has relatively low quality standards.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Health economics
No standards exist regarding decision making for comatose patients, especially concerning life-saving treatments. The aim of this retrospective, single-center study was to analyze outcomes and the dec...
To examine age-related factors influencing health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) among patients with lower rectal cancer during the 12-month period after sphincter-saving surgery (SSS).
Traditional economic interpretations have not been successful in explaining differences in saving rates across countries. One hypothesis is that savings respond to cultural specific social norms. The ...
Recent evidence suggests that hand-stimulus proximity enhances the visuo-motor Simon effect. The present study used event-related potentials (ERP) to examine the timing at which hand-stimulus proximit...
Despite facing significant uncertainty about their lifespans and health care costs, most retirees do not buy annuities or long-term care insurance. In this paper, I find that retirees’ saving and in...
This non-interventional study will test scoring systems used to identify high risk patients when they are triaged upon presentation in the Emergency Department (ED) in a single hospital in...
The purpose of this study is to test an intervention to introduce and implement proximity alarms on the risk of falls in hospitalized patients.
Background: Pharmacists have been proven to improve patient outcomes, medication adherence, glycemic control, reduce blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein, health care costs and length o...
Interviewing hospital executives, physician administrators and hospital legal counsel who work in a hospital setting (academic, governmental, private or community hospital) about their per...
This study shows how careful ophthalmic examination of two patients showed signs of simultaneous bilateral retinal emboli. Starting from this point significant, life threatening, underlyin...
The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).
Systems that provide all or most of the items necessary for maintaining life and health. Provisions are made for the supplying of oxygen, food, water, temperature and pressure control, disposition of carbon dioxide and body waste. The milieu may be a spacecraft, a submarine, or the surface of the moon. In medical care, usually under hospital conditions, LIFE SUPPORT CARE is available. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary)
The prices a hospital sets for its services. HOSPITAL COSTS (the direct and indirect expenses incurred by the hospital in providing the services) are one factor in the determination of hospital charges. Other factors may include, for example, profits, competition, and the necessity of recouping the costs of uncompensated care.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
Hospital department which administers religious activities within the hospital, e.g., pastoral care, religious services.