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In recent years, there has been an effort to develop new technologies for measuring gene expression and sequence information from thousands of individual cells. Large data sets that were obtained using these 'single cell' technologies have allowed scientists to address fundamental questions in biomedicine ranging from stems cells and development to cancer and immunology. Here, we provide a brief review of recent developments in single-cell technology. Our intention is to provide a quick background for newcomers to the field as well as a deeper description of some of the leading technologies to date.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Briefings in functional genomics
Recent advances in single-cell analysis have unraveled substantial heterogeneity among seemingly identical cells at genomic and transcriptomic levels. These discoveries have urged scientists to develo...
Bidirectional promoters (BPs) are prevalent in eukaryotic genomes. However, it is poorly understood how the cell integrates different epigenomic information, such as transcription factor (TF) binding ...
Recent technological breakthroughs in single-cell RNA sequencing are revolutionizing modern experimental design in biology. The increasing size of the single-cell expression data from which networks c...
In recent years, health authorities have increased emphasis on demonstrating that a cell line, which is used for the generation of biologics, is clonally derived. Within the past few years, single-cel...
With the development of droplet based systems, massive single cell transcriptome data has become available, which enables analysis of cellular and molecular processes at single cell resolution and is ...
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is the integration of both assisted reproductive technologies and molecular genetic technologies and was shown to improve implantation rate and redu...
Discovery of differences in the host response in patients with systemic inflammation and sepsis, and identification of novel, specific markers by using a longitudinal clinico-transcriptomi...
Transcriptomics is the study of how RNA is expressed under specific conditions. Transcriptomic analyses of lesional skin biopsies can be a useful way to track how a patient responds to a d...
Despite the fact that migraine is a common disorder, the pathogenesis is still not fully elucidated. Studying transcriptomic and biochemical changes during induced and spontaneous migraine...
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a frequent and severe complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSC), and is responsible for significant early mortality despite prophyla...
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Organizations representing designated geographic areas which have contracts under the PRO program to review the medical necessity, appropriateness, quality, and cost-effectiveness of care received by Medicare beneficiaries. Peer Review Improvement Act, PL 97-248, 1982.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
The process of gene expression is used by eukaryotes, prokaryotes, and viruses to generate the macromolecular machinery for life. Steps in the gene expression process may be modulated, including the transcription, RNA splicing, translation, and post-tran...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...