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Escherichia coli KJ122 was previously engineered to produce high concentration and yield of succinate in mineral salt medium containing glucose and sucrose under anaerobic conditions. However, this strain does not efficiently utilize xylose. To improve the xylose uptake and utilization in the strain KJ122, xylFGH and xylE genes were individually and simultaneously deleted. E. coli KJ12201 (KJ122::ΔxylFGH) exhibited superior abilities in growth, xylose consumption, and succinate production compared to those of the parental strain KJ122. However, E. coli KJ12202 (KJ122::ΔxylE) lessened xylose consumption due to an ATP deficit for metabolizing xylose thus making succinate production from xylose not preferable. Moreover, E. coli KJ12203 (KJ122::ΔxylFGHΔxylE) exhibited an impaired growth on xylose due to lacking of xylose transporters. After performing metabolic evolution, the evolved KJ12201-14T strain exhibited a great improvement in succinate production from pure xylose with higher concentration and productivity about 18 and 21%, respectively, compared to KJ12201 strain. During fed-batch fermentation, KJ12201-14T also produced succinate from xylose at a concentration, yield, and overall productivity of 84.6 ± 0.7 g/L, 0.86 ± 0.01 g/g and 1.01 ± 0.01 g/L/h, respectively. KJ12201 and KJ12201-14T strains co-utilized glucose/xylose mixture without catabolite repression. Both strains produced succinate from glucose/xylose mixture at concentration, yield, and overall and specific productivities of about 85 g/L, 0.85 g/g, 0.70 g/L/h, and 0.44 g/gCDW/h, respectively. Based on our results, KJ12201 and KJ12201-14T strains exhibited a greater performance in succinate production from xylose containing medium than those of other published works. They would be potential strains for the economic bio-based succinate production from xylose.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Applied microbiology and biotechnology
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Strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI that are a subgroup of SHIGA-TOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI. They cause non-bloody and bloody DIARRHEA; HEMOLYTIC UREMIC SYNDROME; and hemorrhagic COLITIS. An important member of this subgroup is ESCHERICHIA COLI O157-H7.
Strains of Escherichia coli that possess virulence traits which allow them to invade, colonize, and induce disease in tissues outside of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. They are a cause of URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS (UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI); neonatal MENINGITIS; SEPSIS; PNEUMONIA; and SURGICAL WOUND INFECTION.
An enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli of the O subfamily that can cause severe FOODBORNE DISEASE. The H4 serotype strain produces SHIGA TOXINS and has been linked to human disease outbreaks, including some cases of HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME, resulting from contamination of foods by feces containing E. coli O104.
A species of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria belonging to the K serogroup of ESCHERICHIA COLI. It lives as a harmless inhabitant of the human LARGE INTESTINE and is widely used in medical and GENETIC RESEARCH.