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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Women who are unable to maintain their blood glucose concentration within pre-specified treatment targets with diet and lifestyle interventions will require anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. This review explores the safety and effectiveness of insulin compared with oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies, non-pharmacological interventions and insulin regimens.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
Offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are far more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the insulin metabolism of pregnant ...
Randomized trials have not focused on neonatal complications of glyburide for women with gestational diabetes.
We compared the effects of metformin and insulin treatments of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on amino acid metabolism.
The true prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) in the United States is unknown. This study determined the prevalence of GDM and a subsequent diagnosis of diabetes in a nationally representative sam...
Women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are likely to develop postpartum diabetes mellitus (DM). We examined women in the early stages of pregnancy who were at high risk of postpar...
This study is a prospective, unmasked randomized clinical trial comparing the use of insulin vs combination insulin and metformin for treatment in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes...
Pregnant women with gestational diabetes who are treated with insulin and their daily insulin dose is 30 IU or more will be randomized into two groups. Active treatment group will recieve ...
The aim of the study is to prove the efficacy of the oral intake of vildagliptin in a daily dose of 100 mg in scope of the development of type 2 diabetes in women with insulin dependent ge...
TITLE The use of soluble fibre for the prevention of gestational diabetes among high-risk women. A pilot study. AIMS The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a soluble f...
The purpose of this study is to test whether NovoLog (insulin aspart) is a safe and at least as effective alternative to regular human insulin for the control of blood glucose after meals ...
Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
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