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Assessing the diversity and genetic structure of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm is essential to improve the quality and yield of this economically important crop. In this study, simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were utilized to evaluate the diversity and structure of 35 faba bean genotypes originating from three different geographical regions (Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, and Near East). All 15 SSR loci generated a total of 100 alleles. The allele number per locus varied from 4 to 11, with a mean of 6.67. The expected heterozygosity (He) of SSR loci ranged between 0.51 and 0.81, with a mean of 0.63. The PIC value also varied from 0.44 to 0.78, with an average of 0.58. The expected heterozygosity of 22 faba bean genotypes was higher than the observed one. Interestingly, AMOVA analysis showed that much of variability resided within accessions (79.2%). A highly significant difference among regions was also evidenced, and represented 5.3% of the total variation. Moreover, cluster analysis divided the 35 faba bean genotypes into two main clusters. The first main cluster comprised all faba bean genotypes originating from the Near East region, whereas the second main cluster comprised all the genotypes originating from the Northern and Eastern Africa regions, indicating that the Northern and Eastern African faba bean genotypes were more closely related to each other than to the Near East genotypes. Structure analysis also revealed that the 35 faba bean genotypes might be assigned to two populations, in complete accordance with cluster analysis data. In conclusion, this study showed high levels of diversity in the analysed genotypes of faba bean, and could be utilized in future breeding programmes to develop new cultivars of high yield.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Comptes rendus biologies
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A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The edible beans are well known but they cause FAVISM in some individuals with GLUCOSEPHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. This plant contains vicine, convicine, Vicia lectins, unknown seed protein, AAP2 transport protein, and Vicia faba DNA-binding protein 1.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is widely used as ground cover and forage and known for the edible beans, VICIA FABA.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The seed is used for food and contains THIOCYANATES such as prunasin, cyanoalanine, cyanogen, and vicine.
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of ANTIBODIES. It enables the IMMUNE SYSTEM to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of ANTIGENS it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: (1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; (2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and (3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION gene segments during the differentiation of the ANTIBODY-PRODUCING CELLS.