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Although BLT-humanized mice provide a robust model for HIV-1 infection and enable evaluation of cure strategies dependent on endogenous immune responses, most mice develop graft versus host disease (GVHD), limiting their utility for extended HIV cure studies. This study aimed to: 1) Evaluate the GVHD-resistant C57BL/6 Rag2γcCD47 triple knockout (TKO)-BLT mouse as a model to establish HIV-1 latency. 2) Determine whether TKO-BLT mice could be maintained on ART for extended periods of time. 3) Assess the rapidity of viral rebound following therapy interruption.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AIDS (London, England)
Humanized mice, that is, animals engrafted with human tissues and/or expressing human genes, have been instrumental in improving our understanding of the pathogenesis and immunological processes that ...
Familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by a point mutation in the transthyretin (TTR) gene. The process of TTR amyloidogenesis begins with rate-limiting dissociat...
Cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) enzymes metabolize approximately half of all drugs on the market. Since the endogenous compounds 4β-hydroxycholesterol (4β-HC) and 25-hydroxycholesterol (25-HC) are genera...
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fibrotic lung disease of unknown etiopathogenesis with limited therapeutic options. IPF is characterized by an abundance of fibroblasts and loss of epithelial ...
This is a multi-center, open-label, phase 2 study evaluating the humanized anti-PD-1 antibody JS001, as a monotherapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic melanoma who have fail...
This is a mono-center, open-label, phase 1 study evaluating the humanized anti-PD-1 antibody JS001, as a monotherapy in patients with advanced melanoma or urological cancers who have faile...
DM-CHOC-PEN is a new penclomedine analog that has demonstrated antineoplastic activities in human xenograft intracerebrally implanted tumor mouse models, acceptable preclinical toxicities ...
The purpose of this study is to find a safe dose of actinium-225 when it is labeled to HuM195. This will be done with a "phase I trial," in which a preset schedule of doses gets more power...
The main objective of the study is to evaluate whether the extended duration fidaxomicin therapy is superior to the standard vancomycin therapy in sustained clinical cure of CDI at 30 days...
A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
A mouse substrain that is genetically predisposed to the development of systemic lupus erythematosus-like syndrome, which has been found to be clinically similar to the human disease. It has been determined that this mouse strain carries a mutation in the fas gene. Also, the MRL/lpr is a useful model to study behavioral and cognitive deficits found in autoimmune diseases and the efficacy of immunosuppressive agents.
Antibodies from non-human species whose protein sequences have been modified to make them nearly identical with human antibodies. If the constant region and part of the variable region are replaced, they are called humanized. If only the constant region is modified they are called chimeric. INN names for humanized antibodies end in -zumab.
An inbred strain of mouse that is widely used as a model for AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES such as SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...