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Natural deep eutectic solvents (NADESs) constitute a novel class of biodegradable and inexpensive solvents. In this study, twenty choline chloride- and glycerol-based NADESs were prepared and investigated as washing agents in the removal of cadmium (Cd) from rice flour for the first time. Choline chloride-based NADESs demonstrated good Cd removal (51%-96%). A natural, biodegradable surfactant, saponin, was mixed with the NADESs to enhance their efficiency. No increase in Cd removal was observed when glycerol-based NADESs were combined with 1% saponin; however, synergistic effects between saponin and choline chloride-based NADESs were observed during the washing process and >99% Cd was removed using NADES-saponin mixtures. Moreover, NADESs washing process did not affect the main chemical components or structure of rice flour. The mechanism of Cd removal by NADESs and regeneration of Cd-contaminated NADESs were also explored. The study presents a green and efficient way of removing Cd from contaminated rice.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Food chemistry
Metal-binding proteins play an important role in maintaining intracellular metal homeostasis and eliminating heavy metal toxification. Many metallothioneins (MTs) have been isolated from mammalian sou...
A gluten-free biscuit for celiac children based on composite rice-chickpea flour was developed. Xanthan gum was used to overcome the handling difficulties associated with the absence of gluten in the ...
The efficiency of lactic acid fermentation (LAF) as a pretreatment for human feces was investigated in laboratory-scale experiments that lasted for 3 weeks. The sanitization effect of LAF on fecal slu...
Field experiments were conducted in two consecutive rice-wheat cropping seasons on a yellow clay soil to assess the efficacy of organic and inorganic amendments for cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) immobili...
Iron plaque (IP) on root surface can enhance the tolerance of plants to environmental stresses. However, it remains unclear the impact of Fe on cadmium (Cd) toxicity to rice (Oryza sativa) seedlings. ...
This Study Evaluate the efficacy of the subministration of fermented rice flour (7 g/day) on the clinical course of patients with moderate or severe Atopic Dermatitis, in terms of a reduct...
This trial aims at evaluating the efficacy of a fermented rice flour for the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD). The fermented rice flour, obtained from Lactobacillus paracasei CBA L74 (...
The objective of the study is to compare subjective appetite ratings and after-meal and 24 hour blood glucose levels within overweight and obese female subjects consuming either a standard...
Diarrhea is the 2nd leading cause of death in under-five children. When diarrhea continued for 14 days or more it is known as Persistent Diarrhea (PD). In low and middle income countries (...
The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of consuming either 1/2 or 1/4 cup servings of lentils on post-prandial blood glucose and insulin as compared to 4 types of starchy foods...
Unstable isotopes of cadmium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cd atoms with atomic weights 103-105, 107, 109, 115, and 117-119 are radioactive cadmium isotopes.
The anamorphic form of the fungus MAGNAPORTHE GRISEA and the most important pathogen of rice worldwide. It causes rice blast which prevents maturation of the rice grains.
Inorganic compounds that contain cadmium as an integral part of the molecule.
Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.
An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.