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Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a common yeast with several applications, among which the most ancient is winemaking. Because individuals belonging to this species show a wide genetic and phenotypic variability, the possibility to identify the strains driving fermentation is pivotal when aiming at stable and palatable products. Metagenomic sequencing is increasingly used to decipher the fungal populations present in complex samples such as musts. However, it does not provide information at the strain level. Microsatellites are commonly used to describe the genotype of single strains. Here we developed a population-level microsatellite profiling approach, SID (Saccharomyces cerevisiae IDentifier), to identify the strains present in complex environmental samples. We optimized and assessed the performances of the analytical procedure on patterns generated in silico by computationally pooling Saccharomyces cerevisiae microsatellite profiles, and on samples obtained by pooling DNA of different strains, proving its ability to characterize real samples of grape wine fermentations. SID showed clear differences among S. cerevisiae populations in grape fermentation samples, identifying strains that are likely composing the populations and highlighting the impact of the inoculation of selected exogenous strains on natural strains. This tool can be successfully exploited to identify S. cerevisiae strains in any kind of complex samples.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Scientific reports
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A member of the Rho family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS from SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. It is involved in morphological events related to the cell cycle. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 22.214.171.124.
Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
A set of nuclear proteins in SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE that are required for the transcriptional repression of the silent mating type loci. They mediate the formation of silenced CHROMATIN and repress both transcription and recombination at other loci as well. They are comprised of 4 non-homologous, interacting proteins, Sir1p, Sir2p, Sir3p, and Sir4p. Sir2p, an NAD-dependent HISTONE DEACETYLASE, is the founding member of the family of SIRTUINS.
The dry cells of any suitable strain of SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE or CANDIDA. It can be obtained as a by-product from the brewing of beer or by growing on media not suitable for beer production. Dried yeast serves as a source of protein and VITAMIN B COMPLEX.
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Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...