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Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are developed for treatment of diverse cancers and autoimmune diseases. For expansion of mAbs approval against unapproved diseases and pharmaceutical development, pharmacokinetics study is very important. Bioanalysis provides one of the most essential index against pharmacokinetics information. So far, we developed useful method for bioanalysis of mAbs in plasma or serum, n
nano-surface and molecular-orientation limited proteolysis. This method can provide accurate and reproducible value of mAbs content in plasma. Quantification of mAbs using ELISA is strongly influenced by endogenous ligand or anti-drug antibodies. In this report, we exhibited the role of nSMOL proteolysis coupled to LC-MS/MS analysis against quantification of mAbs bound to some binding molecules. The ligands against mAbs do not affect quantification of mAbs concentration in plasma using nSMOL proteolysis. On the other hands, some anti-drug antibodies (ADA), such as idiotypic antibodies, inhibit quantification of mAbs using nSMOL proteolysis. Acid dissociation has some efficacy in accurate value of quantitation of ADA binding mAbs using nSMOL proteolysis coupled to LC-MS/MS analysis. Accordingly, we consider that nSMOL method will contribute to understanding of mAb PK data and therapeutic reference combining with ADA measurements.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Analytical biochemistry
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A component of the Executive Office of the President established by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. The Office establishes policies, priorities, and objectives for national DRUG AND NARCOTIC CONTROL. The goals of the program are to reduce illicit drug use, manufacturing, and trafficking, drug-related crime and violence, and drug-related health consequences.
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
The aggregation of soluble ANTIGENS with ANTIBODIES, alone or with antibody binding factors such as ANTI-ANTIBODIES or STAPHYLOCOCCAL PROTEIN A, into complexes large enough to fall out of solution.
A form of fluorescent antibody technique commonly used to detect serum antibodies and immune complexes in tissues and microorganisms in specimens from patients with infectious diseases. The technique involves formation of an antigen-antibody complex which is labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
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