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Increasingly used for clinical purposes, genome and exome sequencing can generate clinically relevant information that is not directly related to the reason for testing (incidental or secondary findings). Debates about the ethical implications of secondary findings were sparked by the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG)'s 2013 policy statement, which recommended that laboratories report pathogenic alterations in 56 genes. Although wide variation in laboratories' secondary findings policies has been reported, little is known about its causes.
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Name: AJOB empirical bioethics
Recently, the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) recommended the return of actionable secondary findings detected from clinical sequencing. The reported frequency of secondary findings in Asi...
Next-generation whole genome sequencing has revolutionized the study of infectious diseases in recent years. The availability of genome sequences and its understanding have transformed the field of mo...
Despite recent intensive research using genome-wide association studies, the underlying biological basis of major depressive disorder (MDD) still remains unknown. In contrast to genotyping platforms w...
Whole exome sequencing (WES) has the potential of identifying secondary findings that are predictive of poor pharmacotherapy outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate patients' wishes reg...
Understanding a complex working mechanism of biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) encoding secondary metabolites is a key to discovery of new antibiotics. Computational resources continue to be developed...
Background: Genes are the instructions a person s body uses to function. Genome sequencing is a new way to look at genes that your main research team is using to learn the causes of the c...
High-throughput whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is bringing new opportunities in the diagnosis of rare diseases. It will more frequently lead to a primary diagnosis (aim of the genetic consu...
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a relatively rare disorder with known familiar aggregation (i.e. HL in more than one child, or parent and child). Because affected individuals in familial HL are g...
This prospective study will enroll up to 330 men with PSA-persistent or PSA-recurrent prostate cancer after curative-intent primary therapy and negative or equivocal findings on standard-o...
Heart disease and strokes cause one in three deaths reported each year in the United States. Primary care practices need to implement new research findings that help decrease patients' ris...
Reporting of new and reemerging infectious diseases and studies that seek to improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence, prevention, and elimination.
A coordinated international effort to identify and catalog patterns of linked variations (HAPLOTYPES) found in the human genome across the entire human population.
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
Variation in a population's DNA sequence that is detected by determining alterations in the conformation of denatured DNA fragments. Denatured DNA fragments are allowed to renature under conditions that prevent the formation of double-stranded DNA and allow secondary structure to form in single stranded fragments. These fragments are then run through polyacrylamide gels to detect variations in the secondary structure that is manifested as an alteration in migration through the gels.
Morphological findings useful in differentiation and classification of results in CYTODIAGNOSIS and related techniques.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...