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The picture of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients has changed dramatically since the original description in 1981. The introduction of antiretroviral drugs in 1987 and combination antiretroviral therapy has decreased mortality by as much as 80%. We now see patients in their 60s and 70s, having lived decades with HIV and living a normal live. As outlined in the article, despite good viral control, patients with HIV may present with solid organ cancers earlier than noninfected patients and are also prone to other complications of their disease that may require the attention of a thoracic surgeon.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Thoracic surgery clinics
Surgery quality initiatives improve clinical outcomes in cardiac and general surgery. No mature thoracic surgery (TS) regional effort has been described.
Many thoracic surgery patients have venous thromboembolism (VTE) events despite the receipt of chemical prophylaxis. Enoxaparin's pharmacologic impact can be quantified using anti-Factor Xa (aFXa) lev...
The primary objective was to provide proof of concept of conducting thoracic surgical simulation in a low-middle income country (LMIC). Secondary objectives were to accelerate general thoracic surgery...
To assess our practice according to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons and the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (STS-EACTS) Mortality Score and to the new concept of unit performance.
To compare the outcome of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and surgery alone for stage pT1b-3N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the thoracic esophagus.Two hundred and thirty-eight patients who u...
In this study we are going to compare the effectiveness of robot assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) with video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in case of lung cancer. The perioperative cir...
Acute lung injury (ALI) following thoracic surgery remains a major source of morbidity and mortality after lung resection. One-lung ventilation (OLV) is usually required in thoracic surger...
This study aims to first apply near-infrared fluorescence imaging technology in thoracic surgery with indocyanine green in China. To evaluate the feasibility usage of the investigators' fl...
In thoracic surgery, it is usual to place apical and basal drains for complete drainage of air and fluid out of the pleural cavity. The routinely used drains are mainly made of plastic. Re...
The overall project aim is to study risk and outcomes following thoracic surgery by cross-linking high-quality national Swedish health-data registers for population-based investigations of...
A surgical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Two major types of thoracic surgery are classified as pulmonary and cardiovascular.
Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart.
Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY; (ELISA, immunofluorescence, immunoblot, etc.) that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.
Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.
A complication of multiple rib fractures, rib and sternum fractures, or thoracic surgery. A portion of the chest wall becomes isolated from the thoracic cage and exhibits paradoxical respiration.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...