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The picture of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients has changed dramatically since the original description in 1981. The introduction of antiretroviral drugs in 1987 and combination antiretroviral therapy has decreased mortality by as much as 80%. We now see patients in their 60s and 70s, having lived decades with HIV and living a normal live. As outlined in the article, despite good viral control, patients with HIV may present with solid organ cancers earlier than noninfected patients and are also prone to other complications of their disease that may require the attention of a thoracic surgeon.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Thoracic surgery clinics
The obesity epidemic in the United States has increased greatly over the past several decades, and thoracic surgeons are likely to see obese patients routinely in their practices. Obesity has direct d...
Vascular rings and slings may represent life-threatening compression of the esophagus and trachea. Such anatomic variants, although rare, are encountered by all thoracic surgeons in the scope of their...
Many thoracic surgery patients have venous thromboembolism (VTE) events despite the receipt of chemical prophylaxis. Enoxaparin's pharmacologic impact can be quantified using anti-Factor Xa (aFXa) lev...
It remains unclear whether 3D systems are manoeuvrable in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for patients with thoracic diseases. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to e...
The primary objective was to provide proof of concept of conducting thoracic surgical simulation in a low-middle income country (LMIC). Secondary objectives were to accelerate general thoracic surgery...
In this study we are going to compare the effectiveness of robot assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) with video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in case of lung cancer. The perioperative cir...
Acute lung injury (ALI) following thoracic surgery remains a major source of morbidity and mortality after lung resection. One-lung ventilation (OLV) is usually required in thoracic surger...
This study aims to first apply near-infrared fluorescence imaging technology in thoracic surgery with indocyanine green in China. To evaluate the feasibility usage of the investigators' fl...
In thoracic surgery, it is usual to place apical and basal drains for complete drainage of air and fluid out of the pleural cavity. The routinely used drains are mainly made of plastic. Re...
The investigator evaluated diaphragmatic function in patients undergoing thoracic surgery. Diaphragmatic displacement was evaluated before surgery, 24 and 48 hours after surgery. Also, pre...
A surgical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Two major types of thoracic surgery are classified as pulmonary and cardiovascular.
Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart.
Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY; (ELISA, immunofluorescence, immunoblot, etc.) that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.
Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.
A complication of multiple rib fractures, rib and sternum fractures, or thoracic surgery. A portion of the chest wall becomes isolated from the thoracic cage and exhibits paradoxical respiration.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...