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Propensity-matched analysis of outcomes after mitral valve surgery between trainees and consultants (institutional report).

07:00 EST 16th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Propensity-matched analysis of outcomes after mitral valve surgery between trainees and consultants (institutional report)."

We aimed to determine whether early outcomes and long-term survival after mitral valve surgery performed by trainee residents are equivalent in terms of safety and efficacy when compared with consultant surgeons.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
ISSN: 1569-9285
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.

Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.

Abnormal protrusion or billowing of one or both of the leaflets of MITRAL VALVE into the LEFT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into left atrium leading to MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS; or CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA.

Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.

A type of analysis in which subjects in a study group and a comparison group are made comparable with respect to extraneous factors by individually pairing study subjects with the comparison group subjects (e.g., age-matched controls).

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