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The establishment of a sulfidogenic environment under thermophilic (55 °C) acidogenic conditions was assessed in an innovative structured-bed bioreactor to enhance sulfate removal and acetate production prior to methanogenesis. Diversified operating strategies, i.e., variations in the hydraulic retention time (HRT; 6-12 h), sulfate loading rate (SLR; 8-16 kg SO42- m-3 day-1) and liquid phase recirculation ratio (0.0-57.0) were assessed to both enable the establishment of sulfate-reducing conditions and remove H2S from the liquid phase. Ethanol was used as the only carbon source. Applying a low HRT (6 h) as the initial operating strategy severely hindered the establishment of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) populations within the system (sulfate removal < 27.5%). In turn, applying effluent recirculation had a positive impact on the system (sulfate removal ∼ 60%) by providing an adequate buffer control along the entire height of the system, as well by displacing over 70% of the H2S to the gaseous phase. The maintenance of pH values above 6.1 proved to be adequate for the sulfidogenic activity, whereas enhanced acidic conditions (pH < 6.0) at the basal portion of the reactor comprised a determining factor to hinder sulfate reduction. SRB were able to handle H2S and acetate concentrations as high as 232 mg L-1 and 3111 mg L-1, respectively, after establishing an effective acidogenic/sulfidogenic environment, indicating that the proposed system has the potential to be used as the first stage in the anaerobic processing of sulfate-rich wastewater streams.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of environmental management
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A genus of extremely thermophilic, sulfate-reducing archaea, in the family Archaeoglobaceae.
An order of extremely thermophilic, sulfate-reducing archaea, in the kingdom EURYARCHAEOTA. The single family Archaeoglobaceae contains one genus ARCHAEOGLOBUS.
Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 184.108.40.206.