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Metformin recently gained traction as potential anti-endometrial cancer agent for its new applications. However, the underlying mechanisms of the anti-cancer effect of metformin in the endometrial cancer have not yet been fully elucidated. Sixty-five patients diagnosed as endometrial carcinoma were grouped into (n = 33) and non-treatment mixed (n = 32) for analysis. Thirty healthy donors were recruited as controls. We attempt to investigate the effect of metformin on Ki-67, PI3K, p-AKT, p-S6K1, and p-4EBP1 staining in human endometrial cancer by immunohistochemical staining. We found that increased Ki-67 expression in women with endometrial cancer, which were reversed by conventional anti-diabetic doses of metformin in present work. In parallel, the reduced PI3K, p-AKT, p-S6K1, and p-4EBP1 staining induced by metformin appeared to play an important role for the anti-proliferative effects of metformin in endometrial cancer patients. Metformin significantly decreased proliferation in human endometrial cancer may by inhibiting PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling. Our present results add to the growing body of evidence supporting metformin as a potential anti-cancer agent in endometrial cancer.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology
Endometrial cancer is one of the most common gynaecological cancers in the world. Rates of endometrial cancer are rising, in part because of rising obesity rates. Endometrial hyperplasia is a precance...
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Metformin, an antidiabetic drug, inhibits the endometrial cancer cell growth in vivo by improving the insulin resistance; however, its mechanism of action is not completely understood. Protein phospha...
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Benign proliferation of the ENDOMETRIUM in the UTERUS. Endometrial hyperplasia is classified by its cytology and glandular tissue. There are simple, complex (adenomatous without atypia), and atypical hyperplasia representing also the ascending risk of becoming malignant.
Neoplasms of the endometrial stroma that sometimes involve the MYOMETRIUM. These tumors contain cells that may closely or remotely resemble the normal stromal cells. Endometrial stromal neoplasms are divided into three categories: (1) benign stromal nodules; (2) low-grade stromal sarcoma, or endolymphatic stromal myosis; and (3) malignant endometrial stromal sarcoma (SARCOMA, ENDOMETRIAL STROMAL).
Increase in constituent cells in the PROSTATE, leading to enlargement of the organ (hypertrophy) and adverse impact on the lower urinary tract function. This can be caused by increased rate of cell proliferation, reduced rate of cell death, or both.
A 21-amino acid peptide produced in a variety of tissues including endothelial and vascular smooth-muscle cells, neurons and astrocytes in the central nervous system, and endometrial cells. It acts as a modulator of vasomotor tone, cell proliferation, and hormone production. (N Eng J Med 1995;333(6):356-63)
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
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