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Chiral gradient force allows a passive separation of an enantiomer since its direction is dependent on the handedness of its chiral entities. However, chiral polarisability is much weaker than electric polarisability. As a consequence, the non-chiral gradient force dominates over chiral force, which makes enantioselective sorting challenging. We present here, both numerically and analytically, that the chiral gradient force acting on chiral nanoparticles can overcome the non-chiral force when specimens are placed in a Fano-enhanced chiral gradient near-field using a plasmonic nanoaperture. Under circularly polarized light illumination, the interaction between the resonant modes of symmetric outer and asymmetric inner Au split-rings results in a splitting of the modal energies, which excites multipolar interference Fano resonances (FRs). This enables a local aperture between the two split-rings to possess very large optical chirality gradients while maintaining low gradients of electromagnetic energy density around the FRs from the visible region. By way of the lateral resultant force composed of both chiral and non-chiral gradient forces, we can accomplish a helicity-dependent transverse deflection of the chiral nanoparticles positioned above the aperture, which may offer a good platform for all-optical enantiopure compounds.
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Polymers of N-SUBSTITUTED GLYCINES containing chiral centers at the a-position of their side chains. These oligomers lack HYDROGEN BONDING donors, preventing formation of the usual intrachain hydrogen bonds but can form helices driven by the steric influence of chiral side chains.
Enzymes that catalyze the epimerization of chiral centers within carbohydrates or their derivatives. EC 5.1.3.
Enzymes that catalyze either the racemization or epimerization of chiral centers within amino acids or derivatives. EC 5.1.1.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
A set of protein subcomplexes involved in PROTEIN SORTING of UBIQUITINATED PROTEINS into intraluminal vesicles of MULTIVESICULAR BODIES and in membrane scission during formation of intraluminal vesicles, during the final step of CYTOKINESIS, and during the budding of enveloped viruses. The ESCRT machinery is comprised of the protein products of Class E vacuolar protein sorting genes.