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Physical training, psychosocial intervention, nutrition counselling and optimisation of secondary preventive medication to reduce morbidity and mortality of the disease as well as the reintegration into social life and return to work are equivalent goals of cardiac rehabilitation. This requires multifactorial intervention by a multidisciplinary team. In Germany, cardiac rehabilitation starting early after an index event could demonstrate a significant reduction of total mortality, myocardial infarction and hospitalisation during a follow-up of 1-2 years in 5 controlled cohort studies including 12 556 patients after myocardial infarction and CABG surgery. The reduction of clinical events was obtained in addition to rapid revascularisation therapy during the acute coronary event and on top of evidence based medication. In national and international guidelines, cardiac rehabilitation is recommended as well after valve surgery or intervention, in patients with heart failure and after ICD-, CRT- and VAD-implantation. Cardiac rehabilitation in Germany should be evaluated in a randomised controlled trial as well. In addition, multifactorial interventions should be tailored individually to specific patient subgroups, medical conditions and comorbidities. Return to work should be emphasized as a major topic of cardiac rehabilitation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Die Rehabilitation
Inpatient cardiac rehabilitation (ICR) programs provide important services to hospitalized patients by delivering risk factor education, daily ambulation, and facilitation of referral to outpatient ca...
: Cardiac rehabilitation is able to reduce cardiovascular mortality, and improves functional capacity and quality of life. However, cardiac rehabilitation participation rates are low and the current e...
The identification of information needs is considered the first step to increase knowledge that ultimately could improve health outcomes in cardiac rehabilitation (CR).
Depression is indicative of poor prognosis in cardiac patients. Reductions in depression have been observed following cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Whether similar improvements in positive and negative...
Current guidelines for cardiovascular health emphasize a "dietary pattern" approach that could be expected to increase intakes of micronutrients in addition to altering the macronutrient profile. Howe...
Rehabilitation programs that take place in hospitals and rehabilitation centers and all over the world are a necessary stage for returning the patients after a cardiac event to a normal fu...
The purpose of this study is to assess the extent to which combining exercise and stress management training (SMT) is more effective at improving biomarkers in vulnerable cardiac patients ...
The purpose of this study is to compare women's cardiac rehabilitation program adherence across three program models.
This is a study to find out whether cardiac rehabilitation is a program that can work in Western Kenya. This study will test whether cardiac rehabilitation is feasible by measuring how ma...
Outcomes evaluation is a critical component in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation. The aim of this study is to examine factors who predict long-term effects of improved peak oxygen uptake o...
Restoration of functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from a CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE. It also includes cardiac conditioning and SECONDARY PREVENTION in patients with elevated cardiovascular risk profile.
The diagnosis and treatment of human responses of individuals and groups to actual or potential health problems with the characteristics of altered functional ability and altered life-style. (American Nurses Association & Association of Rehabilitation Nurses. Standards of Rehabilitation Nursing Practice, 1986, p.2)
Studies and research concerning the psychological, educational, social, vocational, industrial, and economic aspects of REHABILITATION.
Visualization of the heart structure and cardiac blood flow for diagnostic evaluation or to guide cardiac procedures via techniques including ENDOSCOPY (cardiac endoscopy, sometimes refered to as cardioscopy), RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; TOMOGRAPHY; or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC).
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Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...