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Inorganic nitrate (NO3-) supplementation has been shown to improve cardiovascular health indices in healthy adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the vehicle of NO3- administration can influence NO3- metabolism and the subsequent blood pressure response. Ten healthy males consumed an acute equimolar dose of NO3- (∼5.76 mmol) in the form of a concentrated beetroot juice drink (BR; 55 mL), a non-concentrated beetroot juice drink (BL; 456 mL) and a solid beetroot flapjack (BF; 60 g). A drink containing soluble beetroot crystals (BC; ∼1.40 mmol NO3-) and a control drink (CON; 70 mL deionised water) were also ingested. BP and plasma, salivary and urinary [NO3-] and [NO2-] were determined before and up to 24 h after ingestion. All NO3--rich vehicles elevated plasma, salivary and urinary nitric oxide metabolites compared with baseline and CON (P<0.05). The peak increases in plasma [NO2-] were greater in BF (371 ± 136 nM) and BR (369 ± 167 nM) compared to BL (283 ± 93 nM; all P<0.05) and BC (232 ± 51 nM). BR, but not BF, BL and BC, reduced systolic (∼5 mmHg) and mean arterial pressure (∼3-4 mmHg; P<0.05), whereas BF reduced diastolic BP (∼4 mmHg; P < 0.05). Although plasma [NO2-] was elevated in all conditions, the consumption of a small, concentrated NO3--rich fluid (BR) was the most effective means of reducing BP. These findings have implications for the use of dietary NO3-supplements when the main objective is to maintain or improve parameters of cardiovascular health.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry
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An NAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a FLAVOPROTEIN that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM and is involved in the first step of nitrate assimilation in PLANTS; FUNGI; and BACTERIA. It was formerly classified as EC 188.8.131.52.
An iron-sulfur and MOLYBDENUM containing FLAVOPROTEIN that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. This enzyme can use either NAD or NADP as cofactors. It is a key enzyme that is involved in the first step of nitrate assimilation in PLANTS; FUNGI; and BACTERIA. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 184.108.40.206.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate in the presence of NADP+. It is a FLAVOPROTEIN that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 220.127.116.11 and should not be confused with the enzyme NITRATE REDUCTASE (NAD(P)H).
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a cytochrome protein that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM.
A derivative of the NIACINAMIDE that is structurally combined with an organic nitrate. It is a potassium-channel opener that causes vasodilatation of arterioles and large coronary arteries. Its nitrate-like properties produce venous vasodilation through stimulation of guanylate cyclase.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...