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Piperacillin/Tazobactam Shortage: Central Restriction and Alternative Recommendations as Effective Antibiotic-Stewardship Intervention at a Maximal Care Hospital.

07:00 EST 13th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Piperacillin/Tazobactam Shortage: Central Restriction and Alternative Recommendations as Effective Antibiotic-Stewardship Intervention at a Maximal Care Hospital."

Background Drug supply bottleneck is a worldwide challenge, e. g. the antibiotics Piperacillin/Tazobactam shortage in 2016/2017. The efficacy of an appropriate replacement management was evaluated at the University Hospital Frankfurt (UHF). Methods The Antibiotic-Stewardship (ABS)-Team at UHF decreed a restriction of PIP/TAZ and provided alternative antibiotic therapy recommendations during the shortage period. Consequences of this intervention on antibiotic consumption and overall costs were investigated. Results Over 12-weeks, PIP/TAZ-mean application rate was reduced by 71 % and was predominantly used to treat hospital acquired pneumonia (62 %), febrile neutropenian children (12 %), followed by other indications (< 10 %, each). Alternative substances' use increased (Ceftazidim + 229 %, Imipenem/Cilastatin + 18 %, Meropenem + 27 %, Ceftriaxon + 26 %, Levofloxacin + 11 %, Ciprofloxacin + 14 %, Ampicillin/Sulbactam + 83 %), however the overall antibiotic consumption declined by -5.8 % (cost savings: 13 %). Simultaneously, additional personnel costs have been noted (+ 4300 €). The evidence rate of bloodstream infections with resistant bacteria and detection of Clostridium-difficile-toxin were both not significantly elevated, compared to windows just ahead, after and one year before intervention period. Conclusion Drug shortages challenge hospital antibiotic-stewardship programs by enforced use of broad spectrum-antibiotics, endanger patient safety and require rational replacement strategies, following infectious diseases- and microbiological outlines. Whilst personnel expenditures are higher, antimicrobial-stewardship interventions may successfully contribute to prevent additional medication costs.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)
ISSN: 1439-4413
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A technique to generate restriction maps from single large DNA molecules by spreading the DNA onto a glass surface, digesting with DNA RESTRICTION ENZYMES, staining with FLUORESCENT DYES, and visualizing the DNA cleavage sites by FLUORESCENCE MICROSCOPY.

Systems consisting of two enzymes, a modification methylase and a restriction endonuclease. They are closely related in their specificity and protect the DNA of a given bacterial species. The methylase adds methyl groups to adenine or cytosine residues in the same target sequence that constitutes the restriction enzyme binding site. The methylation renders the target site resistant to restriction, thereby protecting DNA against cleavage.

Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.

The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.

A group of enzymes catalyzing the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA. They include members of EC 3.1.21.-, EC 3.1.22.-, EC 3.1.23.- (DNA RESTRICTION ENZYMES), EC 3.1.24.- (DNA RESTRICTION ENZYMES), and EC 3.1.25.-.

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