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Claude Bernard and Louis Pasteur will meet on various occasions, scientific prizes were awarded by Claude Bernard to Louis Pasteur, Claude Bernard's lessons were followed by Louis Pasteur at the Faculty of Science or at the College de France, and friendly relationship were established. But the essential lies in a posthumous controversy where Claude Bernard, denying the role of microbes in the fermentation, seems to criticize Pasteur's assertions and, later, his method and vision. We shall report here the exchanges which concern these two scientists and, beyond that, the scientific approach.
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Name: Biologie aujourd'hui
The early life of Claude Bernard - dreamer and frustrated playwright - reveals no indication of his future scientific aptitude. Cartesian doubt, a principle that he would adhere to lifelong, cloud...
Claude Bernard (1813-1878) was fascinated by the pharmacological mechanisms of poisons. In particular, using a huge amount of ingenious and robust experiments, he demonstrated the peripheral toxic act...
The modern science of physiology began in Europe. Deciding on exactly who the first physiologist was is not easy but excellent candidates include Claude Bernard and Carl Ludwig. The Nobel Prize in Phy...
We need to be aware of rare causes of persistent thrombocytopenia as Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS). When BSS is suspected based on family history and giant platelets, genetic test for mutations of GP...
The purpose of this review is to summarize the life and work of Jean-Louis Petit, his inventions, his discoveries, and his impact on the evolution of surgery of his era.
Single center, pilot study, to evaluate the influence of Motor Imagery (MI) on functional rehabilitation and cerebral plasticity through the qualitative and quantitative mental practice ap...
Sponsor: IMEA - Fondation Internationale Léon Mba C.H.U. Bichat - Claude Bernard 46, Rue Henri Huchard - 75018 PARIS Tél. : 01.40. 25. 63. 65 - Fax : 01.40.25.63.56 Coordinating investi...
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if an imaging device called the Laser Optoacoustic and Ultrasonic Imaging System Assembly (LOUISA-3D) is effective in detecting and mon...
Primary objectives: - To describe the immune response to each dengue serotype before and after each vaccination with sanofi pasteur's CYD dengue vaccine. - To evaluate t...
Caused by Toxoplasma gondii, toxoplasmosis is mostly asymptomatic except in immunocompromised individuals and infants infected in utero. Congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) results from the tran...
The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.
A viral encephalitis caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), a FLAVIVIRUS. It is transmitted to humans and other vertebrates primarily by mosquitoes of the genus CULEX. The primary animal vectors are wild birds and the disorder is endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. Infections may be limited to an influenza-like illness or present as an ASEPTIC MENINGITIS or ENCEPHALITIS. Clinical manifestations of the encephalitic presentation may include SEIZURES, lethargy, MYOCLONUS, focal neurologic signs, COMA, and DEATH. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p750)
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiologic agent of ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS in the United States, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.
Platelet membrane glycoprotein complex essential for normal platelet adhesion and clot formation at sites of vascular injury. It is composed of three polypeptides, GPIb alpha, GPIb beta, and GPIX. Glycoprotein Ib functions as a receptor for von Willebrand factor and for thrombin. Congenital deficiency of the GPIb-IX complex results in Bernard-Soulier syndrome. The platelet glycoprotein GPV associates with GPIb-IX and is also absent in Bernard-Soulier syndrome.
The fundamental tenet of modern medicine that certain diseases are caused by microorganisms. It was confirmed by the work of Pasteur, Lister, and Koch.