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Recently, the expression of proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) has been shown to be essential for activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5)/SMAD-mediated signaling and cell migration by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1. However, it is not known whether activation of non-SMAD TGF-β signaling (e.g., RAS-RAF-MEK-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling) is required for cell migration and whether it is also dependent on PAR2.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of molecular sciences
Protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2), a G protein-coupled receptor for trypsin, contributes to growth, anti-apoptosis, and migration in lung cancer. Given that PAR2 activation in airway epithelial cel...
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Traditionally known for their role in haemostasis, platelets have also an immune role. Platelets play a key role in immune mediator secretion, and interact with innate and adaptive immune...
There is a clear need for a novel method that can readily assess gastric motility in daily clinical practice. Isometric determination of the stomach motility would avoid the use of a large...
To determine whether contraction abnormalities in the esophagus plays a role in gastroesophageal reflux induced cough, and thus cough severity in patients with chronic cough.
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A subtype of tetraspanin protein that plays a role in cell adhesion, cell motility, and tumor metastasis. It functions in platelet activation and aggregation, the formation of paranodal junctions in neuronal tissue, and the fusion of sperm with egg.
A subtype of tetraspanin proteins that play a role in cell adhesion, cell motility, and tumor metastasis. CD9 antigens take part in the process of platelet activation and aggregation, the formation of paranodal junctions in neuronal tissue, and the fusion of sperm with egg.
A large superfamily of cell surface membrane proteins characterized by their four transmembrane domains. They play a role in a variety of processes such as cellular adhesion and motility. They may be involved in the organization of cell surface MEMBRANE MICRODOMAINS that regulate the activation of LEUKOCYTES.
An S100 calcium binding protein that contains two EF HAND MOTIFS and plays a role as a calcium sensor and modulator for many cellular processes such as CELL CYCLE progression; CELL MOTILITY and reorganization of the ACTIN CYTOSKELETON. Its expression is induced by growth factors and it is overexpressed in patients with ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA.
A B7 antigen subtype that inhibits the costimulation of T-cell activation, proliferation, cytokine production and development of cytotoxicity. The over expression of this protein in a variety of tumor cell types suggests its role in TUMOR IMMUNE EVASION.