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Current ideas of a complex relationship between atrial fibrillation and ischemic heart disease and of optimum tactics for anticoagulant therapy to prevent embolism in systemic circulation.

07:03 LMT 1st January 0000 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Current ideas of a complex relationship between atrial fibrillation and ischemic heart disease and of optimum tactics for anticoagulant therapy to prevent embolism in systemic circulation."

The article discusses the issue of searching for optimum oral anticoagulants to prevent thrombosis and embolism induced by heart disease both in patients with atrial fibrillation and sinus rhythm. A complex bidirectional relationship between atrial fibrillation and coronary atherosclerosis is considered along with possible mechanisms for development of myocardial infarction in patients with atrial fibrillation. The authors provided evidence-based data which can be used in selecting an anticoagulant for prevention of heart disease induced thrombosis and embolism taking into account both the efficacy and safety established in randomized clinical studies.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Kardiologiia
ISSN: 0022-9040
Pages: 312-322

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.

A THROMBIN inhibitor which acts by binding and blocking thrombogenic activity and the prevention of thrombus formation. It is used to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic EMBOLISM in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

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Cardiology
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...


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