Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Diet plays a key role in determining the longevity of the organisms since it has been demonstrated that glucose restriction increases lifespan whereas a high-glucose diet decreases it. However, the molecular basis of how diet leads to the aging process is currently unknown. We propose that the quantity of glucose that fuels respiration influences ROS generation and glutathione levels, and both chemical species impact in the aging process. Herein, we provide evidence that mutation of the gene GSH1 in S. cerevisiae diminishes glutathione levels. Moreover, glutathione levels were higher with 0.5% than in 10% glucose in the gsh1Δ and WT strains. Interestingly, the chronological life span (CLS) was lowered in the gsh1Δ strain cultured with 10% glucose but not under dietary restriction. The gsh1Δ strain also showed an inhibition of the mitochondrial respiration in 0.5 and 10% of glucose but only increased the H2 O2 levels under dietary restriction. These results correlate well with the GSH/GSSG ratio, which showed a decrease in gsh1Δ strain cultured with 0.5% glucose. Together, these data indicate that glutathione exhaustion impact negatively both the electron transport chain function and the CLS of yeast, the latter occurring when a low threshold level of this antioxidant is reached, independently of the H2 O2 levels.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Yeast (Chichester, England)
Selection projects aiming at the identification of new Saccharomyces strains are always on going as the use of the suitable yeast can strongly improve fermented food production, particularly winemakin...
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae PEP4 gene encodes vacuolar endopeptidase proteinase A (Pep4p), which is a homolog of the human CTSD gene that encodes cathepsin D. Mutation of CTSD gene in human res...
Invertases are used for several purposes; one among these is the production of fructooligosaccharides. The aim of this study was to biochemically characterize invertase from industrial Saccharomyces c...
The concept of ageing is one that has intrigued mankind since the beginning of time and is now more important than ever as the incidence of age-related disorders is increasing in our ageing population...
The present study was to evaluate the in vivo radioprotective effect of oral administration of Saccharomyces cerevisiae-derived-beta-d-glucan (S. cerevisiae-BG) and to investigate the protective mecha...
This study is designed to evaluate the impact of oral consumption of the probiotic yeast CNCM I-3856 on healthy vaginal microbiota
Female participants with an episode of late-life depression (LLD) and age-matched control participants with no history of mental disorder will attend a one hour Magnetic Resonance Imaging ...
Obesity may affect periodontal health by inducing gingival oxidative damage through increased production in circulating reactive oxygen species (ROS). Previous studies have reported decrea...
This is a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of glutathione alone or glutathione, vitamin C and NAC treatment in children with autism who ...
A Pilot Trial of the Immunogenicity, and Safety of GI-4000; an Inactivated Recombinant Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Expressing Mutant Ras Protein, as Consolidation Therapy Following Curative Treatment for Stage I-III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) With Tu
This is a consolidation therapy trial evaluating GI-4000 in subjects with NSCLC treated with curative intent who are disease free at their first post-treatment restaging assessment.
A member of the Rho family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS from SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. It is involved in morphological events related to the cell cycle. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 188.8.131.52.
Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
A set of nuclear proteins in SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE that are required for the transcriptional repression of the silent mating type loci. They mediate the formation of silenced CHROMATIN and repress both transcription and recombination at other loci as well. They are comprised of 4 non-homologous, interacting proteins, Sir1p, Sir2p, Sir3p, and Sir4p. Sir2p, an NAD-dependent HISTONE DEACETYLASE, is the founding member of the family of SIRTUINS.
A protein kinase encoded by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC28 gene and required for progression from the G1 PHASE to the S PHASE in the CELL CYCLE.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...