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Non-small cell lung cancer constitutes the most common type of lung cancer, accounting for 85-90% of lung cancer, and is a leading cause of cancer-related death. Despite the progress during the past years, poor prognosis remains a challenge and requires further research and development of novel antitumor treatment. Recently, the role of histone deacetylases in gene expression has emerged showing their regulation of the acetylation of histone proteins and other non-histone protein targets and their role in chromatin organization, while their inhibitors, the histone deacetylase inhibitors, have been proposed to have a potential therapeutic role in diverse malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer. This review article focuses on the role of histone deacetylase inhibitors in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer and the major molecular mechanisms underlying their antitumor activity recognized so far.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Anticancer research
Various diseases are related to epigenetic modifications. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) and histone acetyl transferases (HATs) determine the pattern of histone acetylation, and thus are involved in the...
Understanding the contribution of imbalance in protein acetylation levels and dysfunction of transcription to neurodegenerative diseases provides the rationale for the use of epigenetic modulators suc...
Histone acetylation plays a pivotal role in plant growth and development, and is regulated by the antagonistic relationship between histone acetyltransferase (HAT) and histone deacetylase (HDAC). We p...
A promising means in the search of new small molecules for the treatment of schistosomiasis (amongst other parasitic ailments) is by targeting the parasitic epigenome. In the present study, a docking ...
Four crystal structures are presented of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) complexes with para-substituted phenylhydromaxamate inhibitors, including bulky peptoids. These structures provide insight regard...
The overall goal of this PET-MR imaging trial is to evaluate 11C-Martinostat, a histone deacetylase targeted radioligand, in patients with aortic stenosis, individuals with diabetes, and h...
There is scientific rationale for exploring the role of vorinostat, histone deacetylase inhibitor with capecitabine (X) and cisplatin (P), one of standard chemotherapy in patients with adv...
This is an investigational study that increases the dosage to determine the safety/tolerability, and efficacy of a histone deacetylase inhibitor in combination with Targretin in patients w...
BACKGROUND: - The histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are a novel class of anticancer agent. These agents lead to the increased acetylation of both histone and non-histone prote...
This is a dose escalation study that will assess the safety of Vorinostat, a Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, in combination with palliative radiotherapy in patients with advanced or ...
A histone deacetylase subtype that is found along with HISTONE DEACETYLASE 2; RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 4; and RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 7 as core components of histone deacetylase complexes.
A histone deacetylase subtype that is found along with HISTONE DEACETYLASE 1; RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 4; and RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 7 as core components of histone deacetylase complexes.
A class II histone deacetylase that removes acetyl groups from N-terminal LYSINES of HISTONE H2A; HISTONE H2B; HISTONE H3; and HISTONE H4. It plays a critical role in EPIGENETIC REPRESSION and regulation of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, as well as CELL MOTILITY through deacetylation of TUBULIN. It also targets misfolded proteins for clearance by AUTOPHAGY when MOLECULAR CHAPERONE-mediated folding is overwhelmed.
Compounds that inhibit HISTONE DEACETYLASES. This class of drugs may influence gene expression by increasing the level of acetylated HISTONES in specific CHROMATIN domains.
A multisubunit enzyme complex that regulates GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION by deacetylating the HISTONE residues of NUCLEOSOMES.
GILOTRIF (afatinib) is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletions or exon 21 (L8...
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. Originating in the lungs, this growth may invade adjacent tissues and infiltrate beyond the lungs. Lung cancer, the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and women, is respons...
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