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Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors as a Novel Targeted Therapy Against Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: Where Are We Now and What Should We Expect?

07:00 EST 1st January 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors as a Novel Targeted Therapy Against Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: Where Are We Now and What Should We Expect?"

Non-small cell lung cancer constitutes the most common type of lung cancer, accounting for 85-90% of lung cancer, and is a leading cause of cancer-related death. Despite the progress during the past years, poor prognosis remains a challenge and requires further research and development of novel antitumor treatment. Recently, the role of histone deacetylases in gene expression has emerged showing their regulation of the acetylation of histone proteins and other non-histone protein targets and their role in chromatin organization, while their inhibitors, the histone deacetylase inhibitors, have been proposed to have a potential therapeutic role in diverse malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer. This review article focuses on the role of histone deacetylase inhibitors in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer and the major molecular mechanisms underlying their antitumor activity recognized so far.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Anticancer research
ISSN: 1791-7530
Pages: 37-43

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A histone deacetylase subtype that is found along with HISTONE DEACETYLASE 2; RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 4; and RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 7 as core components of histone deacetylase complexes.

A histone deacetylase subtype that is found along with HISTONE DEACETYLASE 1; RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 4; and RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 7 as core components of histone deacetylase complexes.

A class II histone deacetylase that removes acetyl groups from N-terminal LYSINES of HISTONE H2A; HISTONE H2B; HISTONE H3; and HISTONE H4. It plays a critical role in EPIGENETIC REPRESSION and regulation of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, as well as CELL MOTILITY through deacetylation of TUBULIN. It also targets misfolded proteins for clearance by AUTOPHAGY when MOLECULAR CHAPERONE-mediated folding is overwhelmed.

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