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miR-1271 inhibits ERα expression and confers letrozole resistance in breast cancer.

07:00 EST 9th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "miR-1271 inhibits ERα expression and confers letrozole resistance in breast cancer."

Attenuation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) expression via unknown mechanism(s) is a hallmark of endocrine-resistant breast cancer (BCa) progression. Here, we report that miR-1271 was significantly down-regulated in letrozole-resistant BCa tissues and in letrozole-resistant BCa cells. miR-1271 directly targeted the chromatin of DNA damage-inducible transcript 3 (DDIT3) gene. miR-1271 expression level was inversely correlated to DDIT3 mRNA level in BCa biopsies. Form a mechanistic standpoint, reintroduction of exogenous miR-1271 could effectively restore ERα level via inhibiting DDIT3 expression, thereby potentiating letrozole sensitivity in BCa cells. Moreover, DDIT3 deregulation promoted letrozole-resistance by acting as a potent corepressor of ESR1 transcription. Taken together, we have identified that disruption of the miR-1271/DDIT3/ERα cascade plays a causative role in the pathogenesis of letrozole resistance in BCa.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Oncotarget
ISSN: 1949-2553
Pages: 107134-107148

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Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.

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