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Attenuation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) expression via unknown mechanism(s) is a hallmark of endocrine-resistant breast cancer (BCa) progression. Here, we report that miR-1271 was significantly down-regulated in letrozole-resistant BCa tissues and in letrozole-resistant BCa cells. miR-1271 directly targeted the chromatin of DNA damage-inducible transcript 3 (DDIT3) gene. miR-1271 expression level was inversely correlated to DDIT3 mRNA level in BCa biopsies. Form a mechanistic standpoint, reintroduction of exogenous miR-1271 could effectively restore ERα level via inhibiting DDIT3 expression, thereby potentiating letrozole sensitivity in BCa cells. Moreover, DDIT3 deregulation promoted letrozole-resistance by acting as a potent corepressor of ESR1 transcription. Taken together, we have identified that disruption of the miR-1271/DDIT3/ERα cascade plays a causative role in the pathogenesis of letrozole resistance in BCa.
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Glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (GSTM3) is an enzyme involving in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds by conjugation with glutathione. Higher GSTM3 mRNA levels were reported in patients with ...
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to exert important effects on the initiation, progression and metastasis of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). In this study, we aimed to explore the regulation role ...
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women worldwide. Trastuzumab (Herceptin) is an effective antibody drug for HER2 positive breast cancer; or acquired trastuzumab resis...
Oestrogen receptor (ER) is expressed in approximately 60%-70% of human breast cancer. Clinical trials and retrospective analyses have shown that ER-positive (ER+) tumours are more tolerant to chemothe...
Tamoxifen is a first-line drug for hormone therapy (HT) in oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer patients. However, 20% to 30% of those patients are resistant to tamoxifen treatment. Cancer stem c...
The purpose of this research project is to study the effect of a research (investigational) drug, MK-0752 combined with either tamoxifen or letrozole on breast cancer cells. Tamoxifen and...
The purpose is to evaluate whether non invasive in vivo imaging of the estrogen receptor (ER) presence in metastatic breast cancer patient by means of 18F-fluoro-estradiol (FES) positron e...
Background: Endocrine therapy is the standard treatment for hormone receptor positive breast cancer. However, both primary and acquired resistance occurs, and better strategies to improve ...
This study will determine the safety and efficacy of R1507 in combination with letrozole in patients with advanced breast cancer. In the first part of the study a cohort of patients with a...
Find a genetic signature of de novo resistance to letrozole in adjuvant breast cancer;
Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.
Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).
A secretoglobin that is produced by the MAMMARY GLAND of HUMANS and may be involved in the binding of ANDROGENS and other STEROIDS. The expression of this protein in normal breast epithelium and in human breast cancer has made it an important histological marker.
Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
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Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...
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