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Primary mucinous tumors and secondary tumors involving the prostate gland are relatively uncommon, however they have important diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic implications. The primary mucinous tumors of the prostate include mucinous (colloid) adenocarcinoma of the prostate, prostatic adenocarcinoma with mucinous features, and mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostatic urethra (mucin-producing urothelial-type adenocarcinoma of the prostate). Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate is defined as a primary prostatic acinar tumor characterized by the presence of at least 25% of the tumor composed of glands with extraluminal mucin. This diagnosis can only be made in radical prostatectomy specimens. Recent studies have shown that these tumors have a similar or in some cases better prognosis than conventional prostatic adenocarcinoma treated by radical prostatectomy. The preferred terminology for tumors that are composed of <25% extraluminal mucinous component in radical prostatectomy specimens is 'prostatic adenocarcinoma with mucinous features.' All cases of prostatic adenocarcinoma with extraluminal mucinous components in prostate needle core biopsies or transurethral resection of the prostate specimens are also referred to as 'prostatic adenocarcinoma with mucinous features.' Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostatic urethra (mucin-producing urothelial-type adenocarcinoma of the prostate) as the name implies, does not arise from prostatic acini or ducts, and is a distinct entity that arises from the prostatic urethra usually from urethritis glandularis or glandular metaplasia with malignant transformation, and is analogous to adenocarcinoma with mucinous differentiation arising from the urinary bladder. This tumor is aggressive and has a relatively poor prognosis. The most common secondary tumors that arise from adjacent organs and spread (direct extension or metastasis) to the prostate gland, include urothelial carcinoma of the bladder and colorectal adenocarcinoma. Other secondary tumors that may involve the prostate include metastatic epithelial tumors from several other sites, malignant melanoma and soft tissue tumors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
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A malignant cystic or semisolid tumor most often occurring in the ovary. Rarely, one is solid. This tumor may develop from a mucinous cystadenoma, or it may be malignant at the onset. The cysts are lined with tall columnar epithelial cells; in others, the epithelium consists of many layers of cells that have lost normal structure entirely. In the more undifferentiated tumors, one may see sheets and nests of tumor cells that have very little resemblance to the parent structure. (Hughes, Obstetric-Gynecologic Terminology, 1972, p184)
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
A condition characterized by poorly-circumscribed gelatinous masses filled with malignant mucin-secreting cells. Forty-five percent of pseudomyxomas arise from the ovary, usually in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (CYSTADENOCARCINOMA, MUCINOUS), which has prognostic significance. Pseudomyxoma peritonei must be differentiated from mucinous spillage into the peritoneum by a benign mucocele of the appendix. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
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Prostate cancer (cancer de prostata) Prostate cancer (cancer de prostata) is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, there are cases of aggressive prostat...