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Accumulating evidence has implicated the aberrant regulation of histone deacetylases (HDACs) as a nexus for multiple cancer hallmarks and in mediating tumor adaptation and resistance to genotoxic chemotherapy, suggesting a rational pairing of HDAC inhibitors with DNA damaging chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of human malignancies. Here we report that panobinostat (LBH589), a potent pan-HDAC inhibitor, effectively curbed the proliferation of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines A549, Calu-1, H226, H460, H838 and SKMES-1 at IC50 concentrations between 4 and 31 nmol/L via pleiotropic mechanisms, including crosstalk with EGFR signal transduction cascades. Combination therapy with carboplatin elicited rapid tumor cell kill and effectively restrained anchorage-independent clonogenic survival to a considerably greater extent over either monotherapy. The administration of carboplatin and panobinostat at clinically relevant doses to NOD-SCID xenograft mice drastically stalled disease progression by 92% as compared with negative control (P = .0026), but significant less as 28% and 54% with either carboplatin (P = .220) or panobinostat (P = .017) alone. These data demonstrate that panobinostat has strong anti-NSCLC activity and chemosensitizes tumors to carboplatin, thus justifying further evaluation of this combination approach in clinical trials.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cancer letters
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Phenomenon of cell-mediated immunity measured by in vitro inhibition of the migration or phagocytosis of antigen-stimulated LEUKOCYTES or MACROPHAGES. Specific CELL MIGRATION ASSAYS have been developed to estimate levels of migration inhibitory factors, immune reactivity against tumor-associated antigens, and immunosuppressive effects of infectious microorganisms.
A fungal metabolite that blocks cytoplasmic cleavage by blocking formation of contractile microfilament structures resulting in multinucleated cell formation, reversible inhibition of cell movement, and the induction of cellular extrusion. Additional reported effects include the inhibition of actin polymerization, DNA synthesis, sperm motility, glucose transport, thyroid secretion, and growth hormone release.
An organoplatinum compound that possesses antineoplastic activity.
A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).
Serologic tests in which a known quantity of antigen is added to the serum prior to the addition of a red cell suspension. Reaction result is expressed as the smallest amount of antigen which causes complete inhibition of hemagglutination.
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