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Intraspecific bloom succession in the harmful dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides (Dinophyceae) extended the blooming period in Korean coastal waters in 2009.

07:00 EST 1st January 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Intraspecific bloom succession in the harmful dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides (Dinophyceae) extended the blooming period in Korean coastal waters in 2009."

Although there have been extensive studies on dinoflagellate blooms in recent decades, the mechanism that allows the maintenance of blooms over long periods remains uncertain, and studies on genetically differentiated subpopulations may provide insights into this mechanism. In this study, the influence of two genetically distinct subpopulations of the dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides, referred to as Group I and IV, on bloom duration in Korean coastal waters (KCW) was examined using a quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay. In this study, a C. polykrikoides bloom occurred over a longer period in 2009 (49 days), whereas the bloom period was shorter in 2010 (35 days). The qPCR results indicate that intraspecific bloom succession between Groups I and IV occurred in 2009, whereas only a single subpopulation (Group I) was responsible for the bloom in 2010. Based on the statistical analysis, the Group I and Group IV blooms occurred under significantly different environmental conditions (p ≤ 0.05) in terms of water temperature, pH, and phosphate concentration, and these subpopulations exhibited significantly different relationships with environmental factors, particularly water temperature (p < 0.01). This variability may allow blooms to continue through intraspecific bloom succession even after environmental conditions change. Southern KCW are affected by outer regions via the Tsushima Warm Current (TWC) every summer. Group IV (≤1108 ± 69 cells L-1) was primarily observed along the route of the TWC in summer 2009, when the bloom of this subpopulation occurred in southern KCW. These results suggest that Group IV transported via the TWC may have influenced the bloom dynamics of this subpopulation in summer 2009.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Harmful algae
ISSN: 1878-1470
Pages: 78-88

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