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Renal artery stenting for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis identified in patients with coronary artery disease: Does captopril renal scintigraphy predict outcomes?

07:00 EST 6th January 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Renal artery stenting for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis identified in patients with coronary artery disease: Does captopril renal scintigraphy predict outcomes?"

The authors evaluated the effectiveness of percutaneous renal revascularization (PRR) with stenting for the treatment of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) in patients with coronary artery disease and the usefulness of captopril renal scintigraphy for predicting clinical outcomes after PRR. Sixty-four consecutive patients, referred for evaluation of suspected ARAS, after coronary angiography, underwent baseline captopril renal scintigraphy followed by renal angiography. Forty-four patients (68.7%) were diagnosed with a significant ARAS≥ 60% and were treated with PRR plus medical therapy. Twenty-four months after PRR, 86.4% and 73.3% of patients showed a hypertension and renal benefit, respectively. Captopril renal scintigraphy positivity had moderate sensitivity and high specificity in predicting a hypertension and renal benefit. In patients with ARAS≥ 70%, the sensitivity and specificity were 100% for both a hypertension and renal benefit.PRR for ARAS conferred a substantial benefit in patients with a high coronary artery disease burden. Captopril renal scintigraphy was highly accurate in predicting clinical outcomes.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.)
ISSN: 1751-7176
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Narrowing or occlusion of the RENAL ARTERY or arteries. It is due usually to ATHEROSCLEROSIS; FIBROMUSCULAR DYSPLASIA; THROMBOSIS; EMBOLISM, or external pressure. The reduced renal perfusion can lead to renovascular hypertension (HYPERTENSION, RENOVASCULAR).

Use of a balloon catheter for dilatation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of balloon dilatation in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, TRANSLUMINAL, PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY is available.

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