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Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) causes sleep disturbance that is related to an abnormal melatonin profile. It is not clear how the genomic disorder leads to a disturbed synchronization of the sleep/wake rhythm in SMS patients. To evaluate the integrity of the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell (ipRGC)/melanopsin system, the transducers of the light-inhibitory effect on pineal melatonin synthesis, we recorded pupillary light responses (PLR) in SMS patients.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
Melanopsin is a G protein-coupled receptor with a peak sensitivity in the blue part of the spectrum, which plays a key role in non-visual light-mediated signalling. Recently its importance in forming ...
To investigate how melanopsin-mediated intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell (ipRGC) signals are integrated binocularly using chromatic pupillometry. We hypothesized that if the melanopsi...
Thyroid hormones profoundly influence the cardiovascular system, but the effects of mild thyroid dysfunction on the clinical outcome of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous c...
We determined the contributions of cone and melanopsin luminance signaling to human brightness perception. The absolute brightness of four narrowband primary lights presented in a full-field Ganzfeld ...
Melanopsin is a photopigment expressed by certain types of retinal ganglion cells that mediate non-image-forming visual functions, such as circadian photoentrainment. In this issue of Neuron, Sonoda e...
Sleep-Wake and behavioral disorders in Smith Magenis Syndrome (SMS) are strongly linked to an inversion of the nychtemeral secretion of melatonin. This inversion have been described in chi...
Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome (SLOS) is a genetic condition that causes mental retardation and other birth defects. This study will evaluate a new prenatal screening test for SLOS.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether supplementation with an oil-based cholesterol suspension will correct the biochemical abnormalities in cholesterol and its precursors in i...
The specific aim of this study is to investigate rod, cone and melanopsin driven pupillary light response in individuals with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), age-matched healthy cont...
OBJECTIVES: I. Investigate phenotype and genotype correlations in patients with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) associated with del(17p11.2). II. Clinically evaluate SMS patients with unusua...
Complex neurobehavioral disorder characterized by distinctive facial features (FACIES), developmental delay and mental retardation. Behavioral phenotypes include sleep disturbance, maladaptive, self-injurious and attention-seeking behaviors. The sleep disturbance is linked to an abnormal circadian secretion pattern of MELATONIN. The syndrome is associated with de novo deletion or mutation and HAPLOINSUFFICIENCY of the retinoic acid-induced 1 protein on chromosome 17p11.2.
Drugs that act principally at one or more sites within the peripheral neuroeffector systems, the autonomic system, and motor nerve-skeletal system. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p75)
The nursing specialty focusing on the needs of patients with dysfunction of the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A heterogeneous group of disorders with the common feature of prolonged eosinophilia of unknown cause and associated organ system dysfunction, including the heart, central nervous system, kidneys, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and skin. There is a massive increase in the number of eosinophils in the blood, mimicking leukemia, and extensive eosinophilic infiltration of the various organs. It is often referred to as idiopathic.
Renal syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients characterized by nephrotic syndrome, severe proteinuria, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with distinctive tubular and interstitial changes, enlarged kidneys, and peculiar tubuloreticular structures. The syndrome is distinct from heroin-associated nephropathy as well as other forms of kidney disease seen in HIV-infected patients.
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...