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Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are widely used anticoagulant drugs. The composition and sequence of LMWH oligosaccharides determine their safety and efficacy. The short oligosaccharide pool in LMWHs undergoes more depolymerization reactions than the longer chains and is the most sensitive indicator of the manufacturing process. Electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) has been demonstrated as a powerful tool to sequence synthetic heparin oligosaccharide but never been applied to analyze complicated mixture like LMWHs. We established an offline strong anion exchange (SAX)-high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ESI-MS/MS approach to sequence the short oligosaccharides of dalteparin sodium. With the help of in-house developed MS/MS interpretation software, the sequences of 18 representative species ranging from tetrasaccharide to octasaccharide were obtained. Interestingly, we found a novel 2,3-disulfated hexauronic acid structure and reconfirmed it by complementary heparinase digestion and LC-MS/MS analysis. This approach provides straightforward and in-depth insight to the structure of LMWHs and the reaction mechanism of heparin depolymerization.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Carbohydrate polymers
Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is being investigated as a potential preventative therapy against preeclampsia. There is evidence suggesting that LMWH may prevent preeclampsia through anticoagulat...
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of 2, 5-anhydro-d-mannitol in low molecular weight heparins with high performance anion exchange chromatography hyphenated quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry.
Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs), derived from unfractionated heparin (UFH) by chemical or enzymatic degradation, have lower side effects than that of heparin. Enoxaparin, nadroparin, and daltepa...
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Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library. For more information, see http://nursingcare.cochrane.org.
Cancer patients that develop blood clots are treated with low molecular weight heparin injections (LMWH). One kind of these LMWHs, dalteparin, has its dose determined based on a patient's ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) (dalteparin) versus Unfractionated Heparin (UFH) on the primary outcome of proximal leg Deep Vein...
The purpose of this study is to determine ticagrelor combining with low molecular weight heparin is effective and safe during PCI or not.
Evaluation of the Accuracy of the INRatio Prothrombin Time (PT) Monitoring System With a New Test Strip for the Oral Anticoagulation Therapy Patient in the Presence of Heparin and Low Molecular Weight Heparin (e.g., Enoxaparin or Dalteparin)
This is a multi-center study designed to evaluate the heparin insensitivity of the INRatio Prothrombin Time (PT) Monitoring System, utilizing an INRatio test strip additionally modified fo...
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A low-molecular-weight fragment of heparin, prepared by nitrous acid depolymerization of porcine mucosal heparin. The mean molecular weight is 4000-6000 daltons. It is used therapeutically as an antithrombotic agent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Heparin fractions with a molecular weight usually between 4000 and 6000 kD. These low-molecular-weight fractions are effective antithrombotic agents. Their administration reduces the risk of hemorrhage, they have a longer half-life, and their platelet interactions are reduced in comparison to unfractionated heparin. They also provide an effective prophylaxis against postoperative major pulmonary embolism.
A heparin fraction with a mean molecular weight of 4500 daltons. It is isolated from porcine mucosal heparin and used as an antithrombotic agent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Low-molecular-weight fragment of heparin, having a 4-enopyranosuronate sodium structure at the non-reducing end of the chain. It is prepared by depolymerization of the benzylic ester of porcine mucosal heparin. Therapeutically, it is used as an antithrombotic agent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A highly acidic mucopolysaccharide formed of equal parts of sulfated D-glucosamine and D-glucuronic acid with sulfaminic bridges. The molecular weight ranges from six to twenty thousand. Heparin occurs in and is obtained from liver, lung, mast cells, etc., of vertebrates. Its function is unknown, but it is used to prevent blood clotting in vivo and vitro, in the form of many different salts.
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Alternative medicine are whole medical systems that did not fit with conventional medicine as they have completely different philosophies and ideas on the causes of disease, methods of diagnosis and approaches to treatment. Although often overlapping, co...