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How neuropsychology can inform our understanding of preschool ADHD: Clinical and research implications.

07:00 EST 24th January 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "How neuropsychology can inform our understanding of preschool ADHD: Clinical and research implications."

Neuropsychological assessments in preschoolers have not received as much attention as in older children and adults. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder that occurs in early childhood associated with poor academic and personal outcomes, such as learning and social difficulties. Preschoolers with ADHD may present cognitive deficits that are related with the ADHD symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, but may also interfere, beyond and above the ADHD symptoms, with everyday functioning. Most importantly, cognitive deficits in preschoolers seem to predict future ADHD symptoms. Yet, the practice of neuropsychological assessment in this age-group has been limited. The present selective review highlights the contribution of comprehensive neuropsychological assessments to the early identification of symptomatic preschoolers and to our understanding of the nature and developmental trajectory of ADHD.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Applied neuropsychology. Child
ISSN: 2162-2973
Pages: 1-8

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Committees established by professional societies, health facilities, or other institutions to consider decisions that have bioethical implications. The role of these committees may include consultation, education, mediation, and/or review of policies and practices. Committees that consider the ethical dimensions of patient care are ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL; committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects are ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH.

The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.

A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.

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