Unilateral Isolated Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy Caused by Gunshot Injury.

07:00 EST 19th January 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Unilateral Isolated Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy Caused by Gunshot Injury."

Cranial nerve palsies after gunshot injury are not uncommon. However, in the literature, only 1 patient with isolated hypoglossal nerve paralysis caused by gunshot has been published. The authors describe a 34-year-old man suffering from unilateral isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by gunshot injury as a second reported patient. The bullet entered maxillary sinus, and caused condylar fracture, then ended up C1-2 interspace. The bullet was surgically removed by a posterior approach. It is important to pay attention to hypoglossal nerve injury when confronted with a gunshot wound. The authors recommend early and sufficient surgical decompression.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of craniofacial surgery
ISSN: 1536-3732


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Diseases of the twelfth cranial (hypoglossal) nerve or nuclei. The nuclei and fascicles of the nerve are located in the medulla, and the nerve exits the skull via the hypoglossal foramen and innervates the muscles of the tongue. Lower brain stem diseases, including ischemia and MOTOR NEURON DISEASES may affect the nuclei or nerve fascicles. The nerve may also be injured by diseases of the posterior fossa or skull base. Clinical manifestations include unilateral weakness of tongue musculature and lingual dysarthria, with deviation of the tongue towards the side of weakness upon attempted protrusion.

The 12th cranial nerve. The hypoglossal nerve originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus). This nerve also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.

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