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Cranial nerve palsies after gunshot injury are not uncommon. However, in the literature, only 1 patient with isolated hypoglossal nerve paralysis caused by gunshot has been published. The authors describe a 34-year-old man suffering from unilateral isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by gunshot injury as a second reported patient. The bullet entered maxillary sinus, and caused condylar fracture, then ended up C1-2 interspace. The bullet was surgically removed by a posterior approach. It is important to pay attention to hypoglossal nerve injury when confronted with a gunshot wound. The authors recommend early and sufficient surgical decompression.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of craniofacial surgery
Hypoglossal nerve deficit is a possible complication caused by carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The accidental injury of the hypoglossal nerve during surgery is one of the major reasons for permanent hyp...
Hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) is a common finding in neurologic diseases when associated with other cranial nerve palsies or further pathology and exhibits characteristic clinical manifestations, incl...
Spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD) is a major cause of ischemic stroke in young and middle-aged adults, but the occurrence of multiple sCADs could suggest the presence of an underlying arte...
Hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) is a rare complication of airway management. Multiple factors have been postulated to contribute to its occurrence. Herein, we present a case of ipsilateral HNP following...
The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of Transvenous Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulation (tHGNS) on tongue position in the upper airway. Activation of the HGN will cause contraction ...
This study will evaluate the effect of hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HGNS) on different measures of cardiovascular function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). People with OSA...
To determine the most frequent complication associated with cryoballoon PVI. The main hypothesis is to explore the incidence of phrenic nerve palsy.
The study is designed as a prospective, open-label, multicentre, non-randomized, single arm treatment study to assess the safety, performance and initial efficacy trends of the GenioTM Sys...
Bell's palsy is defined as a facial nerve palsy without any other known cause. The common practice for this disease consists of the use of oral steroids. Such treatment can cause harm to p...
Diseases of the twelfth cranial (hypoglossal) nerve or nuclei. The nuclei and fascicles of the nerve are located in the medulla, and the nerve exits the skull via the hypoglossal foramen and innervates the muscles of the tongue. Lower brain stem diseases, including ischemia and MOTOR NEURON DISEASES may affect the nuclei or nerve fascicles. The nerve may also be injured by diseases of the posterior fossa or skull base. Clinical manifestations include unilateral weakness of tongue musculature and lingual dysarthria, with deviation of the tongue towards the side of weakness upon attempted protrusion.
The 12th cranial nerve. The hypoglossal nerve originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus). This nerve also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.
A syndrome characterized by the acute onset of unilateral FACIAL PARALYSIS which progresses over a 2-5 day period. Weakness of the orbicularis oculi muscle and resulting incomplete eye closure may be associated with corneal injury. Pain behind the ear often precedes the onset of paralysis. This condition may be associated with HERPESVIRUS 1, HUMAN infection of the facial nerve. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1376)
Traumatic injuries to the HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE.
Traumatic injury to the abducens, or sixth, cranial nerve. Injury to this nerve results in lateral rectus muscle weakness or paralysis. The nerve may be damaged by closed or penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA or by facial trauma involving the orbit.
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Anything that breaks the skin is a wound because when the skin is broken, there's a risk of germs getting into the body and causing an infection. Follow and track Wound Care News on BioPortfolio: Wound Car...