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Caspase independent cleavages of TDP-43 generates 35kD fragment that cause apoptosis of breast cancer cells.

07:00 EST 5th February 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Caspase independent cleavages of TDP-43 generates 35kD fragment that cause apoptosis of breast cancer cells."

Transactive response DNA-binding protein 43kD (TDP-43) is a major component of tau-negative and ubiquitin-positive inclusions that characterize ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) and FTLD (frontotemporal lobar degeneration). Due to its central role in neurodegenerative disease pathogenesis, most research recently has focused on its role associated with neurodegeneration disease, research on neuron and glial cell showed that pathological TDP-43 is associated with cell apoptosis which lead to loss of functional neurons and glial cells. However, little is known about its role on cancer cells, here we report a 35kD fragment of TDP-43 also plays a key role in apoptosis of breast cancer cells, and may be served as a potential therapeutic target to cure cancer.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biochemical and biophysical research communications
ISSN: 1090-2104
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An inhibitor of apoptosis protein that is translated by a rare cap-independent mechanism. It blocks caspase-mediated cellular destruction by inhibiting CASPASE 3; CASPASE 7; and CASPASE 9.

A short pro-domain caspase that plays an effector role in APOPTOSIS. It is activated by INITIATOR CASPASES such as CASPASE 7; CASPASE 8; and CASPASE 10. Isoforms of this protein exist due to multiple alternative splicing of its MESSENGER RNA.

A short pro-domain caspase that plays an effector role in APOPTOSIS. It is activated by INITIATOR CASPASES such as CASPASE 3 and CASPASE 10. Several isoforms of this protein exist due to multiple alternative splicing of its MESSENGER RNA.

A long pro-domain caspase that contains a caspase recruitment domain in its pro-domain region. Activation of this enzyme can occur via the interaction of its caspase recruitment domain with CARD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS. Caspase 2 plays a role in APOPTOSIS by cleaving and activating effector pro-caspases. Several isoforms of this protein exist due to multiple alternative splicing of its MESSENGER RNA.

A long pro-domain caspase that contains a caspase recruitment domain in its pro-domain region. Caspase 9 is activated by pro-apoptotic factors that are released during cell stress and by CARD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS. It activates APOPTOSIS by cleaving and activating EFFECTOR CASPASES.

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