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No study has been conducted to examine the interactions of sigma-1 receptor (Sigma-1R) and high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) in the development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Thus, we examined the effects of streptozotocin (STZ) treatment on expression of HMGB1 in subcellular levels in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in both wild-type and Sigma-1R-/- mice and evaluated the effects of repeated intrathecal administrations of selective Sigma-1R antagonists BD1047, agonist PRE-084, or HMGB1 inhibitor glycyrrhizin on peripheral neuropathy in wild-type mice. We found that STZ-induced tactile allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia was associated with increased total HMGB1 expression in DRG. STZ treatment promoted the distribution of HMGB1 into cytoplasm. Furthermore, STZ induced modest peripheral neuropathy and did not alter HMGB1 levels in DRG or the distribution of either cytoplasmic or nuclear HMGB1 in Sigma-1R-/- mice compared to sham control mice. Additionally, repeated stimulation of Sigma-1R in the spinal cord induced tactile allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia at 1 week. This phenomenon was associated with increased cytoplasmic HMGB1 translocation and HMGB1 expression in DRG. Finally, we found that repeated blockade of either Sigma-1R or HMGB1 in the spinal cord after STZ treatment prevent the development of tactile allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia at 1 week. These effects were associated with decreased cytoplasmic HMGB1 translocation and HMGB1 expression in DRG. Taken together, our results suggest that Sigma-1R-mediated enhancement of HMGB1 expression in the DRG is critical for the development of peripheral neuropathy in type 1 diabetes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience letters
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Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
Reduced blood flow to the spinal cord which is supplied by the anterior spinal artery and the paired posterior spinal arteries. This condition may be associated with ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, trauma, emboli, diseases of the aorta, and other disorders. Prolonged ischemia may lead to INFARCTION of spinal cord tissue.
Repair of the damaged neuron function after SPINAL CORD INJURY or SPINAL CORD DISEASES.
Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS feeding the SPINAL CORD, such as the anterior and paired posterior spinal arteries or their many branches. Disease processes may include ATHEROSCLEROSIS; EMBOLISM; and ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS leading to ISCHEMIA or HEMORRHAGE into the spinal cord (hematomyelia).
Neoplasms located in the space between the vertebral PERIOSTEUM and DURA MATER surrounding the SPINAL CORD. Tumors in this location are most often metastatic in origin and may cause neurologic deficits by mass effect on the spinal cord or nerve roots or by interfering with blood supply to the spinal cord.
Spinal Cord Disorders
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