Decarbonizing the international shipping industry: Solutions and policy recommendations.

07:00 EST 1st January 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Decarbonizing the international shipping industry: Solutions and policy recommendations."

Ship-source greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could increase by up to 250% by 2050 from their 2012 levels, owing to increasing global freight volumes. Binding international legal agreements to regulate GHGs, however, are lacking as technical solutions remain expensive, and crucial industrial support is absent. In 2003, the International Maritime Organization adopted Resolution A.963 (23) to regulate shipping CO2 emissions via technical, operational, and market-based routes. However, progress has been slow and uncertain; there is no concrete emission reduction target or definitive action plan. Yet, a full-fledged roadmap may not even emerge until 2023. In this policy analysis, we revisit the progress of technical, operational, and market-based routes and the associated controversies. We argue that 1) a performance-based index, though good-intentioned, has loopholes affecting meaningful CO2 emission reductions driven by technical advancements; 2) using slow steaming to cut energy consumption stands out among all operational solutions thanks to its immediate and obvious results, but with the already slow speed in practice, this single source has limited emission reduction potential; 3) without a technology-savvy shipping industry, a market-based approach is essentially needed to address the environmental impact. To give shipping a 50:50 chance for contributing fairly and proportionately to keep global warming below 2°C, deep emission reductions should occur soon.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Marine pollution bulletin
ISSN: 1879-3363
Pages: 428-435


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13509 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The roles of scientific research and stakeholder engagement for evidence-based policy formulation on shipping emissions control in Hong Kong.

Shipping emissions control is critical to air quality management and improved public health for coastal port cities and regions with heavy marine traffic. However, Asian port cities have been slow in ...

Decoding disclosure: Comparing conflict of interest policy among the United States, France, and Australia.

"Sunshine" policy, aimed at making financial ties between health professionals and industry publicly transparent, has recently gone global. Given that transparency is not the sole means of managing co...

Drug policy constellations: A Habermasian approach for understanding English drug policy.

It is increasingly accepted that a view of policy as a rational process of fitting evidence-based means to rationally justified ends is inadequate for understanding the actual processes of drug policy...

Health-industry linkages for local health: reframing policies for African health system strengthening.

The benefits of local production of pharmaceuticals in Africa for local access to medicines and to effective treatment remain contested. There is scepticism among health systems experts internationall...

Shipping pollution emission associated with increased cardiovascular mortality: A time series study in Guangzhou, China.

Substantial evidence has linked short-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM) with increased cardiovascular mortality, however, the specific chemical constituent and emission source resp...

Clinical Trials [1783 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Bioequivalence Study of Daclatasvir From Prodactariv 60 mg Film Coated Tablets (International Drug Agency for Pharmaceutical Industry (IDI), Egypt) and Clatazev 60 mg Tablets (Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharma, UK)

An open label randomized, single dose, two-way crossover bioequivalence study to determine the bioequivalence of Daclatasvir from Prodactariv 60 mg F.C.T (International Drug Agency for Pha...

A Study Comparing Shared Solutions® Plus MS Center Support Versus Shared Solutions® Alone

To compare the effectiveness of a 90-day Copaxone® adherence enhancement program for a sample of MS patients who are at high risk of nonadherence and receive support from Shared Solutions...

Animal Allergy in Korean Pet Owners, Pet-related Industry Workers, and Laboratory Animal Reseachers

We investigated the prevalence of animal allergy and sensitization to animal allergen among participants in international symposium of Korean association for laboratory science (laboratory...

Methods of Determining Asthma Severity in Children

Current methods of measuring asthma severity can be problematic when used with children. A measurement called exhaled breath condensates (EBC) may be a more useful way to determine asthma ...

TOnicity of Perioperative Maintenance SoluTions

Prospective randomized double blind phase IV trial studying the efficacy and safety of the tonicity of two different perioperative maintenance solutions: an isotonic solution containing Na...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Sterile solutions, essentially free from foreign particles and suitably compounded and dispensed, for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

The aggregate of manufacturing or technically productive enterprises in a particular field, often named after its principle product, as "the automobile industry", "the steel industry". It includes the ownership and management of companies, factories, industrial plants, etc. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

System established by the World Health Organization and the International Committee on Thrombosis and Hemostasis for monitoring and reporting blood coagulation tests. Under this system, results are standardized using the International Sensitivity Index for the particular test reagent/instrument combination used.

An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.

International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article