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Ribociclib for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer.

07:00 EST 1st March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Ribociclib for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer."

The emergence of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors marked a significant advancement in the treatment of advanced breast cancer. Ribociclib is an orally bioavailable, highly selective inhibitor of CDK4/6. In combination with various endocrine therapies, ribociclib has demonstrated clinical activity as a first-line therapy for patients with HR+, HER2- advanced breast cancer, without compromising the favorable toxicity profile associated with endocrine therapy. Thus, ribociclib is now considered a new standard of care for HR+, HER2- advanced breast cancer. Areas covered: This review provides a concise overview of the preclinical and clinical development of ribociclib, including evidence of its clinical activity and safety profile when combined with endocrine therapy in HR+, HER2- advanced breast cancer. Expert commentary: CDK4/6 inhibition represents a promising treatment option for patients with HR+ metastatic breast cancer. Ribociclib significantly improved progression-free survival in patients receiving first-line endocrine therapy for HR+, HER2- advanced breast cancer. Planned and ongoing trials investigating ribociclib in combination with other endocrine therapies and in various clinical settings will help to determine the optimal treatment sequence for different patient populations.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Expert review of anticancer therapy
ISSN: 1744-8328
Pages: 201-213

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A 191-amino acid polypeptide hormone secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR), also known as GH or somatotropin. Synthetic growth hormone, termed somatropin, has replaced the natural form in therapeutic usage such as treatment of dwarfism in children with growth hormone deficiency.

A cell surface receptor involved in regulation of cell growth and differentiation. It is specific for EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and EGF related peptides including TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA, amphiregulin, and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor. The binding of ligand to the receptor causes activation of its intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity and rapid internalization of the receptor-ligand complex into the cell.

An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by short stature, defective GROWTH HORMONE RECEPTOR, and failure to generate INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR I by GROWTH HORMONE. Laron syndrome is not a form of primary pituitary dwarfism (GROWTH HORMONE DEFICIENCY DWARFISM) but the result of mutation of the human GHR gene on chromosome 5.

A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and epithelial cells.

A form of dwarfism caused by complete or partial GROWTH HORMONE deficiency, resulting from either the lack of GROWTH HORMONE-RELEASING FACTOR from the HYPOTHALAMUS or from the mutations in the growth hormone gene (GH1) in the PITUITARY GLAND. It is also known as Type I pituitary dwarfism. Human hypophysial dwarf is caused by a deficiency of HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE during development.

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