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The network of molecular players is similar when comparing neural crest-derived, actively migrating melanoblasts to melanoma cells. However, melanoblasts are sensitive to differentiation-initiating signals at their target site (epidermis), while melanoma cells maintain migratory and undifferentiated features. We aimed at identifying downregulated genes in melanoma that are particularly upregulated in melanoblasts. Loss of such genes could contribute to stabilization of a dedifferentiated, malignant phenotype in melanoma. We determined that microRNA-622 (miR-622) expression was strongly downregulated in melanoma cells and tissues compared to melanocytes and melanoblast-related cells. MiR-622 expression correlated with melanoma patient survival. MiR-622 re-expression inhibited clonogenicity, proliferation and migration in melanoma. Inhibition of miR-622 in melanocytes induced enhanced migration. Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) was identified as a major functional target of miR-622 in melanoma. We conclude that miR-622 is a novel tumorsuppressor in melanoma and identify the miR-622-KRAS-axis as potential therapeutic target. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pigment cell & melanoma research
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) participate in the development and progression of melanoma. However, while dysregulation of microRNA-378 (miR-378) has been seen in various cancer types, its clinical importance and...
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Molecular analysis of the atheroma plaque. Screening for a novel biomarker of carotid status.
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This projective observational study is planned to enroll more than 300 advanced breast cancer patients, who were proved as Her-2 positive using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) an...
An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
A replication-defective murine sarcoma virus (SARCOMA VIRUSES, MURINE) capable of transforming mouse lymphoid cells and producing erythroid leukemia after superinfection with murine leukemia viruses (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE). It has also been found to transform cultured human fibroblasts, rat liver epithelial cells, and rat adrenocortical cells.
A mediator complex subunit that is believed to play a key role in the coactivation of nuclear receptor-activated transcription by the mediator complex. It interacts with a variety of nuclear receptors including RETINOIC ACID RECEPTORS; THYROID HORMONE RECEPTORS; VITAMIN D RECEPTORS; PEROXISOME PROLIFERATOR-ACTIVATED RECEPTORS; ESTROGEN RECEPTORS; and GLUCOCORTICOID RECEPTORS.
A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.
A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals, and some viruses. Key findings: miRNA is involved in the normal functioning of eukaryotic cells, so has dysregulation...
There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, is a cancer of the basal cells at the bottom of the epidermis. It’s very common ...
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