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α-1 Antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is the most frequently occurring genetic liver disorder. The association among classical α-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), chronic liver disease, and cirrhosis is common in adult patients but rare in children.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology
The deficiency of α-antitrypsin (AAT) is secondary to misfolding and polymerization of the abnormal Z-AAT in liver cells and is associated with lung emphysema. Alveolar macrophages (AM) produce AAT, ...
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is the most common hereditary disorder in adults, but is under-recognized. In Spain, the number of patients diagnosed with AATD is much lower than expected accord...
The generation of authentic mouse-models for human α1-antitrypsin-deficiency is difficult due to the high complexity of the mouse Serpina1 gene locus. Depending on the exact mouse strain, three to fi...
Emphysematous destruction of lung parenchyma visible in computed tomography (CT) can be attributed to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or to α1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD).
Few large-scale studies regarding the impact of GH deficiency (GHD) on hematopoiesis in children have been reported. Our aim was to investigate hematopoiesis indices in a large cohort of GHD children ...
The purpose of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study is to evaluate the short-term safety of inhaled recombinant alpha 1-antitrypsin (rAAT) in subjects with alpha 1-antit...
The investigators hypothesize that there is liver injury (inflammation, fibrosis, cirrhosis) in adults with Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD), which is asymptomatic, under-recognized, ...
This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of a recombinant adeno-associated virus vector expressing alpha-1 antitrypsin in patients with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Three groups...
The aim of this study is to describe the natural history of patients with alpha-1 antitrypsin associated emphysema and to figure out associated prognostic factors.
This is a 2-year open-label, multicenter extension of the double-blind, placebo-controlled GTi1201 study. The purpose of this study is to obtain an additional 2 years of safety data for in...
Deficiency of the protease inhibitor ALPHA 1-ANTITRYPSIN, leading primarily to degradation of elastin of the alveolar walls, as well as other structural proteins of a variety of tissues. (From Scriver, Beaudet, Sly, & Valle, The Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease, 7th ed, p4125)
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 6 in the diet, characterized by dermatitis, glossitis, cheilosis, and stomatitis. Marked deficiency causes irritability, weakness, depression, dizziness, peripheral neuropathy, and seizures. In infants and children typical manifestations are diarrhea, anemia, and seizures. Deficiency can be caused by certain medications, such as isoniazid.
A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...