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Although long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as new modulators in the fate decision of pluripotent stem cells, the functions of specific lncRNAs remain unclear. Here, we found that telomeric RNA (TERRA or TelRNA), one type of lncRNAs, is highly expressed in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), but declines significantly upon differentiation. TERRA is induced by the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and can reproduce its self-renewal-promoting effect when overexpressed. Further studies revealed that TCF3 is a potential downstream target of TERRA and mediates the effect of TERRA in mESC maintenance. TERRA inhibits TCF3 transcription, while enforced TCF3 expression abrogates the undifferentiated state of mESCs supported by TERRA. Accordingly, the transcripts of the pluripotency genes Esrrb, Tfcp2l1 and Klf2, repressed by TCF3 in mESCs, are increased in TERRA-overexpressing cells. Our study therefore highlights the important role of TERRA in mESC maintenance and also uncovers a mechanism by which TERRA promotes self-renewal. These data will expand our understanding of the pluripotent regulatory network of ESCs.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of physiology. Cell physiology
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PLURIPOTENT STEM CELLS derived from the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS of day 3.5 mouse embryos.
A homeodomain protein and transcription regulator that functions in BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS and EMBRYONIC STEM CELL proliferation and CELL SELF RENEWAL. It confers pluripotency on embryonic stem cells and prevents their differentiation towards extraembryonic ENDODERM and trophectoderm (TROPHOBLAST) CELL LINEAGES.
Cell-surface molecules that exhibit lineage-restricted patterns of expression during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. The antigens are useful markers in the identification of EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS.
The malignant stem cells of TERATOCARCINOMAS, which resemble pluripotent stem cells of the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS. The EC cells can be grown in vitro, and experimentally induced to differentiate. They are used as a model system for studying early embryonic cell differentiation.
Methods of implanting a CELL NUCLEUS from a donor cell into an enucleated acceptor cell. Often the nucleus of a somatic cell is transferred into a recipient OVUM or stem cell (STEM CELLS) with the nucleus removed. This technology may provide means to generate autologous diploid pluripotent cell for therapeutic cloning, and a model for studying NUCLEAR REPROGRAMMING in embryonic stem cells. Nuclear transfer was first accomplished with frog eggs (RANA PIPIENS) and reported in 1952.
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