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Managed forests in southern U.S. are a potential source of lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel production. Changes in management practices to optimize biomass production may impact the quality of waters draining to nutrient-sensitive waters in coastal plain regions. We investigated shallow groundwater quality effects of intercropping switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) with managed loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) to produce bioenergy feedstock and quality sawtimber in a poorly drained soil of eastern North Carolina, U.S.A. Treatments included PINE (traditional pine production), PSWITCH (pine-switchgrass intercropped), SWITCH (switchgrass monoculture) and REF (mature loblolly pine stand). Each treatment was replicated three times on 0.8ha plots drained by parallel-open ditches, 1.0-1.2m deep and 100m apart. Water samples were collected monthly or more frequently after fertilizer application. Water samples were analyzed for organic nitrogen (ON), ammonium N (NH- N), and nitrite+nitrate N (NO+ NO- N), ortohophosphate phosphorus (OP), and total organic carbon (TOC). Overall, PSWITCH did not significantly affect shallow groundwater quality relative to PINE and SWITCH. ON, NO+ NO- N, and TOC concentrations in PSWITCH, PINE and SWITCH were substantially elevated during the two years after tree harvest and site establishment. The elevated nutrient concentrations at the beginning of the study were likely caused by a combination of rapid organic matter decomposition of the abundant supply of post-harvest residues, warming of exposed soil surfaces and reduction of plant nutrient uptake that can occur after harvesting, and pre-plant fertilization. Nutrient concentrations returned to background levels observed in REF during the third year after harvest.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Science of the total environment
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Study Comparing Citalopram Hydrobromide Tablets 40 mg (Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd) and RLD Tablets 40 mg (Manufactured By Forest Pharmaceuticals Inc, Missouri) in 24+2 Normal Healthy Male Subjects in Fed Condition
- Objective: - The objective of this study is to compare the rate and extent of absorption of the Test Product, Citalopram Hydrobromide 40 mg (Torrent Pharmaceutical Li...
Study Comparing Citalopram Hydrobromide Tablets 40 mg (Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd) and RLD Tablets 40 mg (Manufactured By Forest Pharmaceuticals Inc, Missouri) in 24+2 Normal Healthy Male Subjects Under Fasting Condition
- Objective: - To compare the rate and extent of absorption of Citalopram Hydrobromide Tablets 40 mg: Test Product: Citalopram Hydrobromide Tablets 40 mg manufactured b...
Tick-borne flavivirus infection occurring in the Kyasanur Forest in India.
Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.
Calculation of the energy expenditure in the form of heat production of the whole body or individual organs based on respiratory gas exchange.
One of the two major pharmacological subdivisions of adrenergic receptors. The alpha-beta distinction was originally based on cellular effects of receptor activation but now relies on the relative affinities for certain synthetic ligands. alpha-Adrenergic receptors are further subdivided into several subclasses based on studies of endogenous and cloned receptors.
One of the two major pharmacologically defined classes of adrenergic receptors. The alpha-beta distinction was originally based on the cellular effects of receptor activation but now relies on the relative affinities for characteristic synthetic ligands. Beta adrenergic receptors are further subdivided based on information from endogenous and cloned receptors.