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Flurbiprofen, a hydrophobic COX inhibitor, was coordinated axially with oxoplatin to form a new conjugate cis, cis, trans-[Pt(IV)(NH3)2Cl2(flurbiprofen)2]. The successful synthsis of this new conjugate was confirmed by 1H, 13C and 195Pt NMR. The potential of this conjugate being reduced to cisplatin and subsequently exerting its DNA cross-linking ability was verified using cyclic voltammetry (CV), HPLC and mass spectrum (MS). This conjugate showed markedly higher cytotoxicity on many cancer cell lines than cisplatin, flurbiprofen and physical mixture (mol ratio, cisplatin: flurbiprofen=1:2) of them. This is consistent with the result of apoptosis-inducing assay. This conjugate spontaneously assembles carrier-free nanoparticles in aqueous solution, which is confirmed by DLS, TEM, SEM and AFM, thus facilitates cellular uptake, markedly improves its cytotoxicity and apoptosis-inducing ability in vitro.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular pharmaceutics
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Platinum. A heavy, soft, whitish metal, resembling tin, atomic number 78, atomic weight 195.09, symbol Pt. (From Dorland, 28th ed) It is used in manufacturing equipment for laboratory and industrial use. It occurs as a black powder (platinum black) and as a spongy substance (spongy platinum) and may have been known in Pliny's time as "alutiae".
Inorganic compounds which contain platinum as the central atom.
A sulfinylindene derivative prodrug whose sulfinyl moiety is converted in vivo to an active NSAID analgesic. Specifically, the prodrug is converted by liver enzymes to a sulfide which is excreted in the bile and then reabsorbed from the intestine. This helps to maintain constant blood levels with reduced gastrointestinal side effects.
An enzyme of long-chain fatty acid synthesis, that adds a two-carbon unit from malonyl-(acyl carrier protein) to another molecule of fatty acyl-(acyl carrier protein), giving a beta-ketoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) with the release of carbon dioxide. EC 188.8.131.52.
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
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