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Synthetic antidepressants in current use for the complex etiopathogeneses of depression have slow response and remission as well as various unpleasant side effects. As a result, it is imperative to develop new antidepressants with more effectiveness and less severe side effects. Recent studies demonstrated that genipin, the aglycon of geniposide, extracted from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis has antidepressive effects. However, knowledge regarding the molecular mechanisms of its antidepressant effects remains limited. Employing a depression-like mouse model, we confirmed that genipin is capable of correcting depressions-like behaviors induced by prenatal stress in offspring from prenatally stressed dams (defined as PRS mice). In further experiments, we found that the effect of genipin on PRS mice occurs through DNA demethylation by inhibiting DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), normalizing the expression of reduced brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus.
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Increasing evidence has shown that prenatal stress (PS) could cause depression-like behavior in the offspring, which is sex-specific. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. This s...
Obesity is a disease that often co-occurs with depression, and some evidence indicates that chronic stress in the perinatal period, in association with overactive glucocorticoids, can cause permanent ...
In utero and early neonatal exposure to maternal stress is linked with psychiatric disorders, and the underlying mechanisms are currently being elucidated. We used a prenatal stressor in pregnant mice...
Pregnant women at risk of preterm labor usually receive synthetic glucocorticoids (sGCs) to promote fetal lung development. Emerging evidence indicates that antenatal sGC increases the risk of affecti...
The fetal brain is highly susceptible to stress in late pregnancy, with lifelong effects of stress on physiology and behavior. The aim of this study was to determine the physiological and behavioral e...
Prenatal stress is associated with negative outcomes such as postpartum depression, prematurity or neurodevelopmental delays. The aim of this study is to implement a psychological therapy...
Postpartum depression is common in mothers early after childbirth and produces harmful effects not only on mothers, but also on infants and young children. Parturietns with prenatal depres...
Prenatal anxiety and depression are distressing for the expectant mother and can have adverse effects on her fetus and child. This study aimed to determine whether listening to specially c...
The investigators´ main hypothesis is that prenatal stress (PS)- induced programming during fetal and postnatal development is reflected in epigenetic and autonomic nervous system (ANS) b...
The Nurse-Family Partnership, a program of prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses, has been examined in a series of 3 randomized trials since 1977. It has received considerable atten...
An opioid antagonist with properties similar to those of NALOXONE; in addition it also possesses some agonist properties. It should be used cautiously; levallorphan reverses severe opioid-induced respiratory depression but may exacerbate respiratory depression such as that induced by alcohol or other non-opioid central depressants. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p683)
Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
A persistent activity-dependent decrease in synaptic efficacy between NEURONS. It typically occurs following repeated low-frequency afferent stimulation, but it can be induced by other methods. Long-term depression appears to play a role in MEMORY.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...
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