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Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) appears to be associated with an increased risk for engaging in challenging behaviour, particularly self-injury, relative to those with mixed aetiology learning disabilities. Such behavioural issues are reported to be of high concern for those providing support. As such, this systematic review aimed to gain further epidemiological data regarding challenging behaviours in individuals with FXS, including: self-injurious behaviour (SIB), hand-biting as a specific topography of SIB, aggression and property destruction. Twenty eight manuscripts were identified which reported the prevalence of a relevant topography of behaviour, with widely varying prevalence estimates. Weighted averages of the prevalence of behaviours were calculated across studies. Comparison of proportions revealed significant gender differences and differences in the prevalence of types of behaviour. It is hoped that this comprehensive overview of data on this clinically significant topic will help to inform and drive future investigation to understand and provide effective intervention for the benefit of those with FXS.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Research in developmental disabilities
Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) and Down Syndrome (DS) are common causes of Intellectual Disability (ID). Mothers of individuals with FXS sometimes have the premutation condition which makes them display neu...
Fragile X Syndrome is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorders and it is an X-linked disorder in which there is a deficiency of the Fragile X Mental R...
Executive function and information processing speed deficits occur in fragile X premutation carriers (PMC) with and without fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). Gait is negatively impa...
Social anxiety is a common disorder that has negative impacts across multiple domains of function. Several clinical groups are at elevated risk for social anxiety, including those with fragile X syndr...
This study is a controlled trial of metformin in individuals with fragile X syndrome between the ages of 6 and 25 years. Participants will be randomized in a double-blind design to either ...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects induced by lovastatin and minocycline in participants with fragile X syndrome (FXS). Investigators hypothesize that minocycline and lo...
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety, tolerability and efficacy of oral OV101 (gaboxadol) in subjects with Fragile X syndrome.
This is a single center study at the UC Davis MIND Institute in patients age 3.5-16 years of age with fragile X syndrome (FXS), funded by a National Fragile X Foundation Grant. It is a con...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether NNZ-2566 is safe and well tolerated in the treatment of Fragile X Syndrome in adolescent and adult males.
Specific loci that show up during KARYOTYPING as a gap (an uncondensed stretch in closer views) on a CHROMATID arm after culturing cells under specific conditions. These sites are associated with an increase in CHROMOSOME FRAGILITY. They are classified as common or rare, and by the specific culture conditions under which they develop. Fragile site loci are named by the letters "FRA" followed by a designation for the specific chromosome, and a letter which refers to which fragile site of that chromosome (e.g. FRAXA refers to fragile site A on the X chromosome. It is a rare, folic acid-sensitive fragile site associated with FRAGILE X SYNDROME.)
A RNA-binding protein that is found predominately in the CYTOPLASM. It helps regulate GENETIC TRANSLATION in NEURONS and is absent or under-expressed in FRAGILE X SYNDROME.
An increased number of contiguous trinucleotide repeats in the DNA sequence from one generation to the next. The presence of these regions is associated with diseases such as FRAGILE X SYNDROME and MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY. Some CHROMOSOME FRAGILE SITES are composed of sequences where trinucleotide repeat expansion occurs.
A clinically significant reduction in blood supply to the BRAIN STEM and CEREBELLUM (i.e., VERTEBROBASILAR INSUFFICIENCY) resulting from reversal of blood flow through the VERTEBRAL ARTERY from occlusion or stenosis of the proximal subclavian or brachiocephalic artery. Common symptoms include VERTIGO; SYNCOPE; and INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION of the involved upper extremity. Subclavian steal may also occur in asymptomatic individuals. (From J Cardiovasc Surg 1994;35(1):11-4; Acta Neurol Scand 1994;90(3):174-8)
Condition of induced systemic hypersensitivity in which tissues respond to appropriate challenging agents with a sudden local calcification.