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A unique materials' methodology enables the doping of metals with functional molecules, polymers, enzymes, and nanoparticles. The resulting materials have either the combined properties of the metal and the dopants, or new, sometimes synergetic properties that are not found in the separate components, emerge. Metals that have been doped so far include gold, silver, copper, iron, gallium, palladium, platinum, and several alloys. Numerous applications have been demonstrated including catalysis, biocatalysis, bioactivity, electrochemistry (including new type of batteries), corrosion resistance, induction of chirality, tailoring unconventional properties to metals, and more. Doping of metals and adsorption on them are completely different processes, doping being a 3D event, while adsorption is a 2D process. Thus, practically all special properties and functionalities that have been demonstrated are apparent only in the doped case. Here, progress made in this field in the past four years is reviewed, including methodologies for obtaining metallic doped thin films, enhancing corrosion resistance, biomedical applications, and the use of doped metals for complex catalytic network of reactions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)
The efficient removal of heavy metals (HMs) from the environment has become an important issue from both biological and environmental perspectives. Recently, porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), co...
Herein, the synthesis of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) doped with s-block metals is described. The materials were synthesized via thermal polycondensation of cyanamide and the appropriate metal ch...
This review describes the recent progress in nuclease-based therapeutic applications for inherited heart diseases in vitro, highlights the development of the most recent genome editing technologies an...
Charge carriers (electrons and holes) are generated on the TiO using UV radiation; this excitation energy can be reduced by modifying the material electronic structure, for example, by doping or creat...
Development of novel materials may often require a rational use of high price components, like noble metals, in combination with the possibility to tune their properties in a desirable way. Here we pr...
Exposure to heavy metals may interfere with basic cellular functions, including DNA synthesis. The aim of the study is to correlate heavy metals concentration in body fluids of repr...
Analysis of DNA samples of patients with molecularly undetermined PID by whole exome/genome sequencing. Transcriptome analysis of patients with molecularly undetermined PID.
To evaluate the relationship of baseline toenail chromium concentrations to weight loss, as well as the interaction between heavy metals and the beneficial effects of weight loss.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate hair trace elements and toxic metals and plasma total antioxidant activity in children with recurrent wheezing and to evaluate whether these toxic ...
The hypothesis is that Addition of copper or zinc nanoparticles to a dental adhesive confers antimicrobial and enzymatic degradation-resistant properties, retaining its adhesion mechanical...
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
A group of elements that include SCANDIUM; YTTRIUM; and the LANTHANOID SERIES ELEMENTS. Historically, the rare earth metals got their name from the fact that they were never found in their pure elemental form, but as an oxide. In addition they were very difficult to purify. They are not truly rare and comprise about 25% of the metals in the earth's crust.
Metals that constitute group 1(formerly group Ia) of the periodic table. They are the most strongly electropositive of the metals. Note that HYDROGEN is not considered an alkali metal even though it falls under the group 1 heading in the periodic table.
Metals that constitute the group 2 (formerly group IIa) of the periodic table.
Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.