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Binge eating (BE) involves the consumption of a large amount of food in a short period of time and a loss of control during the binge episode. It is a key feature of the major subtypes of eating disorders like bulimia nervosa, BE disorder, anorexia nervosa binge/purge type. Alterations in the mesocorticolimbic pathway play a crucial role in its pathophysiology.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Stereotactic and functional neurosurgery
Deep brain stimulation is a powerful neurostimulation technique that proved its efficacy in treating a group of neurological diseases. Several scientific works tried to understand the mechanism of act...
Asleep deep brain stimulation (aDBS) implantation replaces microelectrode recording for image-guided implantation, shortening the operative time and reducing cerebrospinal fluid egress. This may decre...
In this review, we consider how the piriform cortex is engaged in both focal and generalized epilepsy networks and postulate the various neural pathways that can be effectively neuromodulated by stimu...
Directional deep brain stimulation (DBS) constitutes an emerging technology that allows selective stimulation of target structures via partitioned electrode contacts. In order to effectively perform t...
It is not clear whether cognitive adverse events can occur after subthalamic nuclei deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease, and the putative mechanisms are poorly understood.
Deep Brain Stimulation represents the golden standard for surgical treatment of Parkinson disease (PD), but it is not optimally effective for controlling every motor sign and adverse event...
The brain networks controlling movement are complex, involving multiple areas of the brain. Some neurological diseases, like Parkinson's disease, cause abnormalities in the brain networks....
Neuropathic pain is difficult to treat and is associated with the development of mood and substance use disorders. Most medications are only moderately effective, and deep brain stimulatio...
This study evaluates de efficacy of 5Hz repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) applied on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in patients with binge eating disorder.
A prospective, randomized, double-blinded study was conducted in 7 OCD patients during which 4 electrode contacts along a striatal axis were stimulated bilaterally. DBS electrode implantat...
Measurable changes in activities in the CEREBRAL CORTEX upon a stimulation. A change in cortical excitability as measured by various techniques (e.g., TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION) is associated with brain disorders.
The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.
Therapy for MOVEMENT DISORDERS, especially PARKINSON DISEASE, that applies electricity via stereotactic implantation of ELECTRODES in specific areas of the BRAIN such as the THALAMUS. The electrodes are attached to a neurostimulator placed subcutaneously.
Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.
The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
The main eating disorder, anorexia nervosa, involves extreme weight loss as a result of very strict dieting. The cause is a strong belief held by the patient that they are fat (despite their extreme thinness), and become terrified of putting on weight. O...