Advertisement

Topics

Abiotic stress-induced chloroplast proteome remodelling: a mechanistic overview.

08:00 EDT 14th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Abiotic stress-induced chloroplast proteome remodelling: a mechanistic overview."

The chloroplast houses photosynthesis in all green plants, and is therefore of fundamental importance to the viability and productivity of plants, ecosystems, and agriculture. Chloroplasts are, however, extremely vulnerable to environmental stress, on account of the inherent volatility of oxygenic photosynthesis. To counteract this sensitivity, sophisticated systems of chloroplast stress acclimation have evolved, and many of these involve broad proteome changes. Here, we provide an overview of the interlocking and mutually dependent mechanisms of abiotic stress-induced chloroplast proteome remodelling. Topics that are covered in this context include: nucleus to chloroplast signalling mechanisms, with a particular emphasis on the nuclear control of the chloroplast genome; chloroplast to nucleus signalling; and the roles of chloroplast pre-protein import regulation and chloroplast proteases.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of experimental botany
ISSN: 1460-2431
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [17690 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A chloroplast-targeted cabbage DEAD-box RNA helicase BrRH22 confers abiotic stress tolerance to transgenic Arabidopsis plants by affecting translation of chloroplast transcripts.

Although the roles of many DEAD-box RNA helicases (RHs) have been determined in the nucleus as well as in cytoplasm during stress responses, the importance of chloroplast-targeted DEAD-box RHs in stre...

Green magic: regulation of the chloroplast stress response by (p)ppGpp in plants and algae.

The hyperphosphorylated nucleotides guanosine pentaphosphate and tetraphosphate (together referred to as (p)ppGpp, or magic spot) orchestrate a signalling cascade in bacteria that controls growth unde...

Aucubin protects against pressure overload-induced cardiac remodelling via β3-AR-nNOS cascades.

Aucubin, the predominant component of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv., plays an indispensable role in regulating oxidative stress. Considering that oxidative stress has previously been demonstrated to contrib...

Differential impact of heat stress on the expression of chloroplast-encoded genes.

Heat shock is one of the major abiotic factors that causes severe retardation in plant growth and development. To dissect the principal effects of hyperthermia on chloroplast gene expression, we studi...

Proteome Analysis of Arabidopsis Roots.

Plant health and development are directly depending on a plant's ability to react to a constantly changing environment. Sensing of water and nutrition levels and of the biotic environment is vital for...

Clinical Trials [4935 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Exercise on Muscle Proteome Signature

The aim of the study is to investigate skeletal muscle proteome signature changes induced by exercise training in young men

Apical Compression Stitch - a New Option for LV Remodelling

The current study analyses the LV geometry of failing LVs measured by MRI scanning with respect to systolic versus diastolic function. A new surgical method for remodelling enlarged left v...

Eosinophil Induced Remodelling in Asthma

Asthma is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the lung characterized by intermittent airway obstruction, airway hyperresponsiveness, presence of activated inflammatory cells, inflammatory m...

SMART - Systems Medicine of Heart Failure

The onset and course of heart failure (HF) is triggered by a complex regulatory network that includes stressors (pressure overload by individual anatomic hemodynamic settings), intrinsic (...

Stress Induced Hyperglycemia In Trauma

The clinical relevance of the observed stress induced hyperglycemia in trauma patients remains unclear. The earlier studies suggested the implications of cytokines in stress induced hyperg...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Those nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity which are located within the CHLOROPLAST DNA.

Blue-light receptors that regulate a range of physiological responses in PLANTS. Examples include: PHOTOTROPISM, light-induced stomatal opening, and CHLOROPLAST movements in response to changes in light intensity.

Proteins encoded by the CHLOROPLAST GENOME or proteins encoded by the nuclear genome that are imported to and resident in the CHOROPLASTS.

The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.

A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...

Stress
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...


Searches Linking to this Article