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Heparan sulfate interacts with a variety of proteins at the cell surface. These proteins are primarily attracted to the high negative charge distribution brought by sulfate, sulfamate, and carboxylate functionalities along the sugar chain. Apart from electrostatic interactions, hydrogen bonding and even hydrophobic interactions contribute to the complex formation. While additional sulfate/sulfamate groups are often tolerated as long as the main structural requirements are met, occasionally, certain extra sulfate groups may be detrimental to the binding affinity. Here, we show these binding characteristics using the binding of fibroblast growth factors and heparin-binding hemagglutinin to synthetic heparan sulfate oligosaccharides as examples. Insights into the binding characteristics of these proteins may benefit future therapeutic interventions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current opinion in structural biology
Heparan sulfate (HS) is widely present on the animal cell surface and in the extracellular matrix. HS achieves its biological functions by interacting with proteins to change proteins' conformation, o...
Reverse polarity capillary zone electrophoresis coupled to negative ion mode mass spectrometry (CZE-MS) is shown to be an effective and sensitive tool for the analysis of glycosaminoglycan mixtures. C...
The structure of heparin and heparan sulfate (Hep/HS) oligosaccharides, as determined by the length and the pattern of sulfation, acetylation, and uronic acid epimerization, dictates their biological ...
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he study evaluated the safety and efficacy of the Autologous cultured fibroblast for correction of Nasolabial folds and inhibition of skin aging
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A fibroblast growth factor that is a specific mitogen for EPITHELIAL CELLS. It binds a complex of HEPARAN SULFATE and FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR 2B.
A fibroblast growth factor receptor with specificity for FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTORS; HEPARAN SULFATE PROTEOGLYCAN; and NEURONAL CELL ADHESION MOLECULES. Several variants of the receptor exist due to multiple ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of its mRNA. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 is a tyrosine kinase that transmits signals through the MAP KINASE SIGNALING SYSTEM.
An enzyme that specifically cleaves the ester sulfate of iduronic acid. Its deficiency has been demonstrated in Hunter's syndrome, which is characterized by an excess of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. EC 188.8.131.52.
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
Oligosaccharides containing various types of glycosidic linkages that yield branching or antennae. The number of antennae (such as bi-, tri-, tetra-, or penta-antennary) in the oligosaccharides on the PROTEOGLYCANS; GLYCOPROTEINS; or LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES contribute to their biological activities, such as receptor binding and metabolism.
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