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The act of physically cleaning one's hands may reduce the impact of past experiences, termed clean-slate effect. Cleaning was found to affect negative, neutral, and mildly positive states. We extend this influence to success, a self-serving state. We manipulated success vs. failure and measured changes in optimism (Experiment 1) or self-esteem (Experiment 2). Moreover, we examined boundary conditions for the clean-slate effect. Experiment 1 indicates that the influence of performance on optimism diminishes if participants knew (compared to did not know) they were cleaning their hands. Experiment 2 indicates that the influence of performance on self-esteem diminishes if participants cleaned themselves (compared to an object). These results suggest that the clean-slate effect requires both awareness and self-reference of the cleaning act. Thus, the clean-slate effect seems to depend on both conscious inferences and automatic processes. A meta-analysis across the experiments confirms a moderate-sized clean-slate effect.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of social psychology
Conspicuous sexual dimorphism is often ascribed to sexual selection. When the differences between the sexes are ornamental, this is thought to indicate a role for female choice. In spotted winged Dros...
Monitoring tuberculosis (TB) treatment success is crucial for clinical decision-making. The only available tool in this regard is sputum microscopy, but it has demerits. Moreover, in case of smear neg...
Heart failure is the end result of various kinds of cardiovascular diseases. It has a high rate of morbidity and mortality. This article aims to determine the effect of MeCP2, a key epigenetic regulat...
Influenza infection is associated with increased risk for mortality and hospitalization in heart failure patients. Although there are no published randomized controlled trials examining the effect of ...
In its 2017 revision of the global guidelines for HIV care and treatment, the World Health Organization called for rapid or same-day initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART) for eligib...
The UltraWee study is a prospective randomized controlled trial used to compare the success rate of and time to obtaining a urine sample in pre-continent children between standard clean ca...
Background: We recently evaluated a new bladder stimulation technique to obtain clean-catch urine in infants aged less than six months. In this study, we reported a success rate of 52%. ...
In its 2015 revision of the global guidelines for HIV care and treatment, the World Health Organization called for initiating lifelong antiretroviral treatment (ART) for all patients testi...
Background: - The Ukrainian Research Center for Radiation Medicine and the U.S. National Institutes of Health have been studying cancer risks and outcomes in individuals who participated ...
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
The rate of success or failure of a method of CONTRACEPTION; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.