Advertisement

Topics

Association Between MICA Gene Variants and the Risk of Hepatitis C Virus-Induced Hepatocellular Cancer in a Sicilian Population Sample.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Association Between MICA Gene Variants and the Risk of Hepatitis C Virus-Induced Hepatocellular Cancer in a Sicilian Population Sample."

There are currently no biomarkers that predict hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis. We investigated the relationships among major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain-related gene A (MICA) polymorphisms, plasma levels of soluble MICA (sMICA), and HCC risk in patients with HCV-related HCC. One hundred fifty-four HCV-related HCC patients, 93 HCV-related liver cirrhosis (LC) cases, and 244 healthy controls, all sampled from the native Sicilian population, were genotyped using the KASPsingle-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping method. The MICA rs2596542 polymorphism showed that the G/G genotype was significantly more frequent in HCC than control subjects and LC patients (p < 0.005). For MICA rs2596538 polymorphism, the C allele and C/C genotype were significantly more frequent in HCC than in controls and LC cases (p < 0.005), after controlling for potential confounders. These results demonstrate that MICA rs2596542G/G, and particularly the rs2596538C/C polymorphism, are associated with the risk of developing HCV-related HCC in a Sicilian population sample. Importantly, using a machine learning classifier, we found that "age" and either rs2596542 or rs2596538 were important discriminating factors for patients with LC and HCC. Finally, sMICA levels significantly increased during HCV-related liver disease progression, while a significant relationship between both rs2596542 and rs2596538 genotypes and sMICA plasma levels was identified in patients with LC and HCC. In summary, the MICA rs2596538 and rs2596542 variants warrant further research for their clinical validity and utility in relationship to the risk of developing HCV-related HCC in independent populations.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Omics : a journal of integrative biology
ISSN: 1557-8100
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [32812 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Vitamin D binding protein polymorphisms influence susceptibility to hepatitis C virus infection in a high-risk Chinese population.

Vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) plays an important role in the immune modulation and pathogenesis of hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection by influencing serum vitamin D levels. The present study aims to...

Increased body fat percentage in patients with hepatitis B and C virus infection.

Accumulated evidence has suggested associations between glucose abnormalities and insulin resistance with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. However, few studies have repo...

Low responsiveness to a hepatitis B virus vaccine in a Chinese population lacks association with ITGAL, CD58, TNFSF15, CCL15, TGFB3, and BCL6 gene variants.

It is known that multiple genetic variants can affect immune responses to the hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine. A case-control study was undertaken to examine the possible association of low responsive...

Hepatitis E Virus Genotype 1 and Hepatitis A Virus Dual Infection in Pediatric Patients with a Low Socioeconomic Status from Mexico.

We aimed to detect and characterize hepatitis E virus (HEV) RNA in sera samples from a pediatric population infected with the hepatitis A virus (HAV) exhibiting acute hepatitis and to correlate the in...

Human genomics of acute liver failure due to hepatitis B virus infection: an exome sequencing study in liver transplant recipients.

Acute liver failure (ALF) or fulminant hepatitis is a rare, yet severe outcome of infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) that carries a high mortality rate. The occurrence of a life-threatening condit...

Clinical Trials [10396 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Gene Variants and Coronary Artery Disease in a Chinese Han Population

The recognition of the association between circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) has led to an increased emphasis on CRP genetic effects on C...

SR-BI and Antiviral Treatment Response in HCV

The scavenger receptor type B class I (SR-BI) is a receptor for high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and one of entry factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV). The investigators aimed to examine the...

Hepatitis B Virus Prevalence and Risk Factors in Belgium

The aim of this study was to evaluate the current prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in a multi-ethnic neighbourhood situated in Middle Limburg, Belgium. Addi...

Interaction of Potassium and Genetic Risk Variants on Diabetes Risk

The investigators propose to study the association of the KCNJ11 (Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily J Member 11) polymorphisms on diabetes risk in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Commu...

Interest of Routine Screening for Hepatitis B and C in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy for Solid Tumors

Immunosuppression induced by cancer treatment increases the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) reactivations. These viral reactivations may be asymptomatic but can...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).

A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.

A strain of HEPATITIS A VIRUS which causes hepatitis in humans. The virus replicates in hepatocytes and is presumed to reach the intestine via the bile duct. Transmission occurs by the fecal-oral route.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...

Gastroenterology
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...

Cancer
  Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...


Searches Linking to this Article